1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Bischofia Blume

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to S. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious or rarely monoecious trees with a simple (localized) indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, stipulate, 3(–5)-foliolate, the leaflets petiolulate, crenate-serrate, penninerved; stipules readily caducous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, paniculate, solitary, many-flowered; bracts 1-flowered, those subtending ♀ flowers readily caducous
    Flowers
    Male flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, strongly concave, cucullate, later reflexed; petals 0; disc 0; stamens 5, episepalous, free, filaments short, anthers basifixed, bilobate, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode peltate, infundibuliform, pentagonal, shortly stipitate Female flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, flat, not cucullate, soon caducous; petals 0; disc 0; staminodes minute or 0; ovary 3(–4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3(–4), slightly connate at the base, undivided, filiform, spreading, the adaxial stigmatic surface running the length of the arms
    Male
    Male flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, strongly concave, cucullate, later reflexed; petals 0; disc 0; stamens 5, episepalous, free, filaments short, anthers basifixed, bilobate, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode peltate, infundibuliform, pentagonal, shortly stipitate
    Female
    Female flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, flat, not cucullate, soon caducous; petals 0; disc 0; staminodes minute or 0; ovary 3(–4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3(–4), slightly connate at the base, undivided, filiform, spreading, the adaxial stigmatic surface running the length of the arms
    Fruits
    Fruit a small depressed-globose indehiscent drupe; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp thin, horny
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–6, oblong, ecarunculate; testa horny; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Kenya, Ogasawara-shoto, Puerto Rico

    Bischofia Blume appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 1168 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (15): 312 (1922)
    • G.P. 3(1): 280 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 478 (1866), as ‘ Bischoffia ’
    • Bijdr. 17: 1168 (1826/7)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0