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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium armeniense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Guatemala.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    General Description
    Epiphyte; stems 1.5 cm diam.; leaf scars ca. 1.5 cm wide; roots 4-5 mm diam., descending; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 7 cm long, rounded to emarginate and cuspidate at apex, drying reddish-brown and persisting intact. LEAVES erect-spreading; petiole 19-28 cm long, 4-6 mm diam., terete; geniculum 2-3 cm long; blades narrowly ovate, gradually acuminate and downturned at apex, deeply lobed at base, 20-40 cm long, 11.5-21 cm wide, broadest at middle; anterior lobe 5-15 cm long, the margins broadly rounded; posterior lobes 5-12 cm long, directed downward to inward; sinus usually spathulate sometimes hippocrepiform, acute to rounded at apex; both surfaces semiglossy, the upper surface with ± conspicuous, minute, linear, raphide cells; midrib obtusely raised above, weakly sunken at apex, raised on lower surface; basal veins 4-6 pairs, the second to third pairs coalesced ca. 1.5 cm, the fourth to sixth coalesced ca. 2.8 cm, raised above and below, diminishing and flat at collective vein; primary lateral veins 2-4 per side, flat above, sunken below, departing midrib at 55°-60° angle, curved to margin, loop-connected; collective vein arising from the first basal vein, 4-15 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE erect or spreading; peduncle 11.5-23 cm long, 2-3 mm diam., terete, as long as or longer than petioles; spathe white, narrowly ovate-elliptic or lanceolate-oblong, 4.5-9(12) cm long, 1.9-3 cm wide, broadest near base, long acuminate, green at apex, obtuse to acute at base, decurrent ca. 2 mm, inserted on peduncle at 70° angle; the stipe 2 cm long in front, 3-5 mm long in back, usually curved; spadix pale lavender (B & K Purple 6/ 5), fading to pink (B & K Red-purple 6/2.5) at anthesis, 3-5.7 cm long, 7-9 mm diam. at base, 6-7 mm diam. at apex, the flowers rhombic to weakly 4-lobed, 2.1-2.9 mm long, 2.8-3.6 mm wide, the sides straight to weakly and irregularly sigmoid, ca. 6 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 9 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; the tepals matte; lateral tepals 1.6-1.9 mm wide, the inner margins straight to convex; pistils white, emergent ca. 0.5 mm, the stigma broadly elliptic, whitish, brushlike with short papillae exserted above pistil; first lateral stamens emerging irregularly throughout, followed rapidly by second lateral stamens then alternates in rapid succession; anthers white, broadly ovate, 0.5-0.8 mm long, 0.8-1.4 mm wide; thecae broadly ovate, shallowly cupular, pollen white, abundant, strong sweet lilac scented. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; spathe greenish-while, spadix 18 cm long, 3.5 cm diam.. with berries exserted ca. 1 mm (early stages); berries obovoid, style dark, beaked at apex, pale orange (B & K Yellow-red 8/7.5), 1.2-1.5 cm long, 6-8 mm wide; mesocarp orange, juicy, gelatinous with numerous silvery raphide cells; seeds (1)2. ovoid-ellipsoid, pale whitish-green, darker green at base, reddish-brown at apex, weakly flattened. 4.5 mm long, 3-3.2 mm wide, 1.4-2.2 mm thick, surrounded by sticky, gelatinous, translucent substance, more prominent at lateral margins, extending beyond ends.
    Southwestern Guatemala in the Department of San Marcos. It has also been recorded in Hawaii.
    Moist to wet forests on sleep slopes.



    Native to:


    Other Data

    Anthurium armeniense Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Croat, T.B. [40905], Guatemala K000434082 isotype


    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 250 (1983 publ. 1984)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.