1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium austin-smithii Croat & R.A.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nicaragua to Costa Rica.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

    General Description

    Epiphyte; roots numerous, slender, green drying grayish; stem moderately elongate, ca. 1 cm diam., 16-20 cm long, scurfy; cataphylls 2-2.5 cm long, drying dark reddish-brown, persisting as linear fibers. LEAVES spreading; petioles subterete, narrowly sulcate, 4-22 cm long, 2-4 mm diam.; geniculum 7-20 mm long; blades subcoriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, 11-21 cm long, 3-6.5 cm wide, long-acuminate at apex (the acumen flat), obtuse to acute (rarely attenuate) at base, broadest at or below the middle, the margin revolute on drying; both surfaces semiglossy, lower surface dark glandular-punctate; midrib acutely raised above, diminished and sunken toward apex, convexly raised below; primary lateral veins 7-15 per side, departing midrib at 45° angle, ± straight to the collective vein, slightly sunken above, prominulous below; interprimary veins sunken above, scarcely visible below; collective vein arising from the base, 4-8 mm from the margin, about equally as prominent as the primary lateral veins, sunken above, prominulous and darker below. INFLORESCENCE erect-spreading, equalling or exceeding the leaves; peduncle terete to sharply angulate, 2-3-ribbed, sometimes with only one rib, 21-25 cm long, 2-3 mm diam.; spathe pale green, lanceolate, 2.5-3 cm long, 4-8 mm wide, broadest just above the base, acuminate at apex, rounded at base, inserted at ca. 30° angle on the peduncle; spadix sessile, pale greenish-yellow, 5-7.5 cm long, 3-4 mm diam. at base, 2-2.5 mm diam. at apex, green at anthesis, becoming violet-purple; flowers rhombic, 3.3-3.5 mm long, ca. 2 mm wide, the sides ± straight; ca. 3 flowers visible in the principal spiral, ca. 5 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals semiglossy, the lateral tepals 2-2.5 mm long, the inner margin broadly rounded to straight; pistil green soon turning purple, emergent to 0.5-0.6 mm; stigma elliptic; stamens emerging from the base in a slow complete progression, the laterals preceding the alternates by no more than 2 spirals, held above tepals and against pistil then retracting to edge of tepals, scarcely visible after anthesis; anthers 0.3 mm long, 0.7 mm wide; thecae ovate-elliptic, divaricate. INFRUCTESCENCE often developing berries only in the basal half of the spadix, berries subglobose to depressed-globose, ca. 7 mm diam., white tinged with violet-purple at apex, with a circular depression around the style ca. 2 mm diam.; locules 2, with 3 seeds per locule; seeds narrowly ovoid, 2.5-2.6 mm long, 1.3-1.5 mm wide, 1.1-1.3 mm thick, pale brown, weakly flattened to subterete in cross-section, smooth.

    Habitat

    Lower montane rain, lower montane wet, lower montane moist, and premontane wet forest, primarily on the Atlantic slope.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Nicaragua

    Anthurium austin-smithii Croat & R.A.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Brenesia 16(Suppl.): 25 (1979)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0