1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium berriozabalense Matuda

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas) to Belize.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Belize, Guatemala and Mexico.
    General Description
    Terrestrial on rocky, steep slopes to 0.6 m tall; stems 10 cm long, 1.5-3 cm diam.; leaf scars ca. 1.5 cm wide; roots ca. 5 mm thick, directed downward; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 3-5 cm long, acute at apex, the acumen minutely apiculate, drying light brown (B & K Yellow 4/5), persisting intact at apex, splitting into linear fibers at base. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 13-56 cm long, 3-7 mm diam., subterete, weakly flattened adaxially; geniculum 1.5-2 cm long broadly and shallowly sulcate; blades triangular, acuminate at apex, broadly lobed at base, 12-33 cm long, 11-23 cm wide, broadest at base; anterior lobe 9-16 cm long; posterior lobes 12-18 cm long, directed outward; sinus triangular to parabolic to sometimes hippocrepiform; upper surface semiglossy to glossy, lower surface semiglossy, the midrib convexly raised above and below, diminishing at apex above; basal veins 4-5 pairs, the first and sometimes the second free, second to fourth coalesced ca. 1.5 cm, third to fifth coalesced 2.3-4 cm, raised in weak valleys above, raised below; posterior ribs curved, naked, the outer margin upturned; primary lateral veins 4-5 per side, departing midrib at 45°-50° angle, raised or flat above, raised below; collective vein arising from uppermost basal vein (sometimes with lower basal veins loop-connecting to the collective vein), sunken above, raised below, 6-10 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE spreading to erect, shorter than the leaves; peduncle 16-40 cm long, 2-4 mm diam., terete, sometimes tinged with violet-purple, longer than the petioles; spathe medium thick, green tinged with purple at margins, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 4.5-9 cm long, 0.9-2.7 cm wide, broadest at base, acuminate at apex, clasping to truncate or rounded al base, inserted at 45°-60° angle on peduncle; spadix green (B & K Yellow-green 5/7.5), 5-10 cm long, 7-9 mm diam. at base, 2-3 mm diam. At apex; flowers square or rhombic, 3-5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, the sides ± straight to jaggedly sigmoid; 3-5 flowers visible in either spiral; tepals matte, green, inconspicuously punctate, minutely papillate, tinged with violet at margins, sparse droplets appearing when anthers are open, lateral tepals 1.5-2.5 mm wide, inner margins straight; pistil scarcely emergent, green, densely purple spotted; the stigma oblong, shallow, green, 0.8-1 mm long, opening with minutely exserted papillae, small droplets apparent for 7-10 days, dry and black for 2 or 3 days before first stamens emerge; stamens emerging ± rapidly from the base, the second, third, and fourth stamens emerging soon after leading stamen; anthers brown, held on short filaments that quickly retract, anthers held al edge of pistil but not contiguous; thecae ellipsoid, divaricate; pollen yellow, fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; spathe withered; spadix to 10 cm long, 20 mm diam.; berries orange (B & K Yellow-red 7/5), broadly obovoid, round at apex with a conspicuous indentation, 8-11 mm long, 7-10 mm wide; pericarp transparent, somewhat thickened, lacking raphide cells; mesocarp fleshy, juicy, with numerous raphide cells; seeds 1 or 2, flattened on one side if 2, ellipsoid in cross-section if only one, pale green, 6-8 mm long, 4.5-5(9) mm wide, 3.2-3.5(6.5) mm thick.
    Habitat
    The forest type near El Bosque where I [Croat] have collected the species is "bosque caducifolia" and the forest type where it has been collected north of Berriozabal is "selva baja caducifolia."

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Anthurium berriozabalense Matuda appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 22: 380 (1952)

    Accepted by

    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0