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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico, Caribbean, Europe, Temp. Asia to Philippines, Africa.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology General Habit
Small, usually much branched trees and shrubs; glabrous throughout Small, usually much branched trees and shrubs; glabrous throughout.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire, coriaceous Leaves opposite, entire, coriaceous.
Distribution
A genus of c. 30 species, sometimes split into several genera or divided into a complex infrageneric classification (see discussion of the African taxa in Friis in Kew Bull. 44: 293–299 (1989)), widely distributed in tropical and South Africa and on Madag
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with 4–6 perianth segments; staminodes absent; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, thick, grooved and with recurved stigmatic part; ovules 2 per locule. Female flowers with 4–6 perianth segments; staminodes absent; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, thick, grooved and with recurved stigmatic part; ovules 2 per locule Male flowers with 4 perianth segments, 2 outer and 2 inner ones, equal or unequal; stamens 4–6(10), usually opposite a perianth segment or more stamens at each perianth segment; anthers sessile, subsessile or on clearly distinguishable filaments, dorsifixed near the base, opening by longitudinal slits; rudimentary ovary truncate or 3-lobed at apex or absent Flowers in short compact spikes, often consisting of a terminal female flower subtended by bracts in the axils of which are 2–4 male flowers, or each inflorescence unisexual Male flowers with 4 perianth segments, 2 outer and 2 inner ones, equal or unequal; stamens 4–6(10), usually opposite a perianth segment or more stamens at each perianth segment; anthers sessile, subsessile or on clearly distinguishable filaments, dorsifixed near the base, opening by longitudinal slits; rudimentary ovary truncate or 3-lobed at apex or absent. Flowers in short compact spikes, often consisting of a terminal female flower subtended by bracts in the axils of which are 2–4 male flowers, or each inflorescence unisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular, dehiscing loculicidally, valves each with 2 apical, horn-like projections, representing remains of the styles; endocarp hard, separating from exocarp at maturity. Fruit capsular, dehiscing loculicidally, valves each with 2 apical, horn-like projections, representing remains of the styles; endocarp hard, separating from exocarp at maturity
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually 3-ridged or ovoid-oblong, with black, shiny testa. Seeds usually 3-ridged or ovoid-oblong, with black, shiny testa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Small, usually much-branched, glabrous trees and shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire, leathery
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in short, compact spikes, mostly consisting of a terminal female flower subtended by bracts in the axils of which 2–4 male flowers, or each inflorescence unisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers with 4 tepals, 2 outer and 2 inner ones, equal or unequal; stamens 4–6(–10), each opposite a tepal or more stamens at each tepal; anthers sessile, subsessile or on filaments, dorsifixed near the base, opening by longitudinal slits; rudimentary ovary truncate or 3-lobed at apex or absent Female flowers with 4–6 tepals; staminodes absent; ovary 3-celled; styles 3; ovules 2 per cell
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dehiscing loculicidally, valves each with 2 apical horn-like projections representing remains of the styles; endocarp hard, separating from softer exocarp at maturity
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually 3-ridged or ovoid-oblong, with black, shining testa.
Note
Genus of c. 30 species, sometimes split into several genera or, alternatively, divided into a complex infrageneric classification The species of Buxus in Africa fall into three fairly well defined groups which have been regarded as distinct genera, see Friis (1989). B. hildebrandtii belongs to Buxus sect. Tricera (Schreb.) Baill.
Distribution
Widely distributed in tropical and southern Africa and on Madagascar, in central America, and in Eurasia.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences or the lateral male flowers arise directly from the stem, not in the axils of bracts below the female flower, the androecium consists of 4 sessile or subsessile anthers, the rudimentary pistillode is usually, but not always absent, and the pollen is of the so-called B macowanii type The species of this group are associated with forest in southern Africa (B macowanii Oliv in the eastern Cape, B benguellensis Gilg in Angola and B nyasica Hutch in Malawi), and with evergreen scrub and more open vegetation in Madagascar (B madagascarica Baill.).

[FTEA]

Buxaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1962

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers subfasciculate or in short cymes, consisting of a solitary sessile or subsessile ♀ flower subtended by two bracts, surrounded by a few pedicellate, bracteate ♂ flowers ; or rarely the entire inflorescence composed of ♂ flowers Male flowers : sepals 4, obovate or orbicular, the outer narrower and subcucculate ; stamens usually 6, in two series, the outer series of 2, each opposite an outer sepal, the inner series of 4, each pair opposite an inner sepal ; anthers sessile ; rudimentary ovary absent Female flowers : sepals 4 ; styles 3, thick, grooved and recurved ; ovules 2 per loculus
sex Male
Male flowers : sepals 4, obovate or orbicular, the outer narrower and subcucculate ; stamens usually 6, in two series, the outer series of 2, each opposite an outer sepal, the inner series of 4, each pair opposite an inner sepal ; anthers sessile ; rudimentary ovary absent
sex Female
Female flowers : sepals 4 ; styles 3, thick, grooved and recurved ; ovules 2 per loculus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular, dehiscing loculicidally ; valves each with 2 apical horn-like projections
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds keeled.
Morphology General Habit
Small trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire, chartaceous or coriaceous

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences with an apical female flower and a number of lower male pedicellate flowers, in these one or two extra stamens occur at the relatively broad inner pair of perianth segments, making a total of 5–6, the anthers are sessile or subsessile, a rudimentary pistillode is absent, and the pollen is of a type termed the Notobuxus type The species are closely related, and are as a group associated with lowland rain forest Buxus acutata Friis (Notobuxus acuminata (Gilg) Hutch.) in W Africa to Dem Rep Congo, B cordata (Radcl.-Sm.) Friis in Tanzania (Usambara Mts.), B obtusifolia (Mildbr.) Hutch in the coastal forests of Kenya and Tanzania, and B natalensis (Oliv.) Hutch in coastal forest of Natal.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Borneo, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Corse, Cuba, Djibouti, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Sardegna, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Azores, Ecuador, Madeira, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Buxus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7978], India K001128683
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7978], India K001128685
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7978], India K001128684

First published in Sp. Pl.: 983 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Friis in Kew Bull. 44: 293–299 (1989).
  • Kew Bull. 44: 293–299 (1989).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 983 (1753).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Friis in Kew Bull. 44: 293–299 (1989).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0