1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Cephalocroton Hochst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious shrubs or subshrubs with a stellate indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or subverticillate, simple, entire or toothed, 3–5-nerved from the base, petiolate or subsessile, stipulate, the stipules laciniate (E. Africa) or entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, racemose, androgynous, protogynous, with the ♂ flowers in fascicles aggregated into a dense globular terminal head, and with (0–)1–6 ♀ flowers at the base, sweetly scented; bracts small to minute, entire or laciniate
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx globose in bud, 3–4-lobed, the lobes valvate; petals 0; disc 0; stamens (4–)6–8(–10), uni- (not E. Africa) or biseriate, the filaments free, inflexed or not in bud, the anthers dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode entire or lobed Female flowers: sepals 4–6, slightly imbricate, free or united at the base, entire, pinnatifid or bipinnatipartite, the segments gland-tipped or not, persistent, accrescent or not; disc annular, subentire; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free or connate at the base, multifid-laciniate
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx globose in bud, 3–4-lobed, the lobes valvate; petals 0; disc 0; stamens (4–)6–8(–10), uni- (not E. Africa) or biseriate, the filaments free, inflexed or not in bud, the anthers dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode entire or lobed
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals 4–6, slightly imbricate, free or united at the base, entire, pinnatifid or bipinnatipartite, the segments gland-tipped or not, persistent, accrescent or not; disc annular, subentire; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free or connate at the base, multifid-laciniate
    Fruits
    Fruits 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp woody
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth, ovoid-subglobose, evenly greyish or marbled, ecarunculate, with a crustaceous testa and fleshy albumen; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious shrubs or subshrubs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum stellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate or subsessile, stipulate, simple, entire or toothed, palminerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, racemose, usually bisexual, with the male flowers aggregated into a dense globose terminal head, and with (0)1–7 female flowers at the base; bracts small or minute.
    Flowers
    Male flowers pedicellate; calyx closed in bud, globose, later splitting into 3–4 valvate lobes; petals absent; disk absent; stamens (4)6–8(10), biseriate (Africa) or uniseriate, filaments free, inflexed or not in bud, anthers oblong, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode entire or 2–3-fid. Female flowers pedicellate, the pedicels extending in fruit; sepals 4–6, free or united (not Africa) at the base, pinnatifid, bipinnatipartite or entire (not Africa), the segments gland-tipped or not, persistent, accrescent or not (not Africa); petals absent; disk annular, subentire, ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, free or connate, multifid.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose, smooth, ecarunculate; testa crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Cephalocroton Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Flora 24: 370 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Flora 24, 1: 370 (1841).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 843 (1912)
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(2): 7 (1910), sensu stricto
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 761 (1866), pro parte, excl. sect. I
    • in Flora 24: 370 (1841)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0