1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium jenmanii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad-Tobago to Brazil (Amapá).

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Ranges from Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela (Sucre and Monagas; one collection from northeastern Bolívar) to Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, and Amapá in Brazil.
    Habitat
    Moist forest as well as in dry open woodlands and granite outcrops, where it may be terrestrial, epiphytic, or epilithic.
    General Description
    Epiphytic, epilithic or terrestrial; stem short, (1)1.5-3 cm diam.; roots dense, spreading to ascending, pale green to brownish, thick and blunt, ca. 5-10 cm long, 3-6 mm diam.; cataphylls broadly lanceolate, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, (3)5-7 cm long, acute at apex, drying dark brown, persisting semi-intact or as a reticulum of fibers. LEAVES erect to erect-spreading; petioles (3)7-20(38) cm long, 6-15 mm diam., bluntly to sharply D-shaped, flattened to weakly convex adaxially, rounded abaxially, the surface pale-speckled; geniculum slightly paler and moderately thicker than petiole, 0.5-2.5 cm long; sheath 1-6 cm long; blades coriaceous, broadly oblanceolate to elliptic (rarely ovate-elliptic), shortly and abruptly acute (rarely long-acuminate or obtuse-rounded) at apex, narrowly acute to obtuse to broadly truncate to sometimes weakly subcordate at base, (22)40-103 cm long, (8)11-52 cm wide, broadest near the middle or in the upper fourth, the margins moderately and broadly undulate; upper surface semiglossy to glossy, yellowish green, lower surface matte to weakly glossy, moderately paler, drying yellow-green, matte; midrib flat at base, soon becoming bluntly acute above and conspicuously paler than surface, prominently convex to higher than broad at base, becoming obtuse-rounded toward the apex below, slightly paler than surface; primary lateral veins 5-13 per side, departing midrib at 30-60° angle, broadly arcuate-ascending to the margin, the uppermost merging into a collective vein, raised near midrib, sunken at margin, moderately paler than surface above and below; interprimary veins absent except near the base, less conspicuous than primary lateral veins; tertiary veins sunken above, raised below, raised when dried; reticulate veins prominulous above and below when dried; collective vein arising in the upper third of blade or absent, equally as prominent as primary lateral veins, 6-15 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES spreading-erect to spreading-pendent, equalling or longer than leaves; peduncle 26-86 cm long, 5-9(15) mm diam., 3.4-6 x as long as petiole, pale-speckled, colored like petiole, sometimes ringed with purple, terete to elliptic; spathe reflexed, usually soon withering and becoming twisted, subcoriaceous, pale green tinged with purple, becoming purple at anthesis, oblong to lanceolate, 11-50 cm long, 1.5-4.5 cm wide, broadest near the base, inserted at 30-60° angle on peduncle, acuminate at apex (the acumen 8 mm long), narrowly acute to obtuse, sometimes decurrent for 3-4 cm at base; stipe absent or to 4-5 cm long in front, to 1 cm long in back; spadix dark maroon to dark purple, sometimes bluish pre-anthesis, tapered to cylindroid, usually sessile to weakly stipitate, nearly straight to slightly curved, 10.4-47 cm long, 6-9(12) mm diam. near base, ca. 4 mm diam. near apex, broadest at the base; flowers rhombic, 1.8-2.7 mm long, (1.3)1.7-2.2 mm wide, the sides straight to slightly sigmoid; 6-14 flowers visible in principal spiral, 6-10 in alternate spiral; tepals matte to semiglossy, minutely papaate; lateral tepals 1-1.2 mm wide, slightly convex, erose, the outer margins 2-sided; pistils not emergent, whitish; stigma slitlike, colored like tepals, 0.5 mm long; stamens emerging in a slow, regular sequence from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by 7-12 spirals, the 3rd stamen preceding the 4th by 1-8 spirals, held against the pistil and obscuring it; anthers pale yellow to orange, 0.4-0.5 mm long, 0.5-0.7 mm wide; thecae ovoid, divaricate; pollen yellow, fading to whitish, moderately sweet-scented. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; berries pale reddish purple to purple or white tinged with violet apically, obovoid, rounded at apex, to 10 mm long, 7 mm diam.; seeds 2 per berry, oblong to obovoid, 8 mm long, 3 mm diam.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Anthurium jenmanii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Bunting, G.S. [2653], Venezuela K000434220 Unknown type material
    Nov 3, 2004 Haigh, A.L. [1], French Guiana K000099728
    Jan 1, 2004 Braithwaite, K. [2] 80263.000
    Oct 1, 1979 Fendler, A. [741], Trinidad & Tobago K000434027 holotype
    Philcox, D. [8084], Trinidad & Tobago 46955.000
    Jermy, C. [2543], Trinidad & Tobago 29047.137
    Jenman [5760], Guyana K000434162 syntype
    Jenman [5760], Guyana K000434163 syntype
    Jenman [5760], Guyana K000434164 syntype
    Jenman [2026], Guyana K000434165 syntype
    Jenman [2026], Guyana K000434166 syntype
    Jan 1, 1967 Bunting, G.S. [2653], Venezuela Anthurium englerianum K000434221 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1967 Bunting, G.S. [2653], Venezuela Anthurium englerianum K000434222 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1967 Bunting, G.S. [2653], Venezuela Anthurium englerianum K000434223 Unknown type material

    First published in Pflanzenr., IV, 23B: 72 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/