1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Erythrococca Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs with a simple indumentum
    Twigs
    Twigs lenticellate
    Buds
    Buds perulate, the perulae subcoriaceous-scarious, persistent at the bases of the shoots
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, glandular-crenate or -dentate, firmly membranous or thinly chartaceous, penninerved
    Stipules
    Stipules often accrescent, persistent, indurate, and sometimes spinescent, but occasionally deciduous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, solitary or fasciculate, sessile or pedunculate, glomerulate or racemose, rarely subpaniculate, bracteate, bracteolate, the bracteoles in the ♂ inflorescences usually many-flowered, in the ♀ 1(–3)-flowered, or bracts and bracteoles absent
    Flowers
    Flowers small or minute, pedicellate, the pedicels capillary, articulate usually near the base Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, usually subglobose, apiculate, later splitting into 3–4(–5) valvate lobes; petals 0; disc glands extrastaminal, free or connate and annular, or interstaminal and free, or both, generally hirsute; stamens (2–)10–40(–60), filaments free, anthers erect, 2-thecous, extrorse, basifixed, the thecae obovoid or subglobose, free except at the base, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers: calyx 2(–4)-partite, the lobes imbricate, smaller than in ♂; petals 0; disc-glands 2(–3), free or contiguous, flattened or clavate, with or without minute intercalated supernumerary glands, or disc shallowly urceolate and bilobate or subentire; ovary 2–3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 2–3, free or slightly connate at the base, spreading, stigmas smooth, papillose, lobulate, fimbriate or plumose-laciniate
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, usually subglobose, apiculate, later splitting into 3–4(–5) valvate lobes; petals 0; disc glands extrastaminal, free or connate and annular, or interstaminal and free, or both, generally hirsute; stamens (2–)10–40(–60), filaments free, anthers erect, 2-thecous, extrorse, basifixed, the thecae obovoid or subglobose, free except at the base, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx 2(–4)-partite, the lobes imbricate, smaller than in ♂; petals 0; disc-glands 2(–3), free or contiguous, flattened or clavate, with or without minute intercalated supernumerary glands, or disc shallowly urceolate and bilobate or subentire; ovary 2–3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 2–3, free or slightly connate at the base, spreading, stigmas smooth, papillose, lobulate, fimbriate or plumose-laciniate
    Fruits
    Fruit dicoccous, didymous, or sometimes tricoccous or by abortion monococcous, loculicidally dehiscent; cocci subglobose; endocarp coriaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds ± spherical, enveloped in a thin, fleshy, viscid, usually scarlet aril; testa crustaceous, foveolate-reticulate or ± smooth; albumen fleshy; embryo axile, radicle conical, cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs with a simple indumentum.
    Buds
    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales), the perulae crustaceous, persistent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, glandular-toothed, penninerved.
    Stipules
    Stipules often accrescent, persistent, hardened, sometimes spinescent, occasionally deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, solitary or fasciculate, sessile or pedunculate, glomerulate, racemose or subpaniculate, usually bracteate and bracteolate.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, later splitting into 3–4(5) valvate lobes; petals absent; disk glands extrastaminal, free or connate, interstaminal and free, or both, generally hirsute; stamens 2–60, filaments free, anthers erect, 2-celled, extrorse, basifixed, the cells obovoid-subglobose, ± free, apically dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: calyx 2–4-partite, the lobes imbricate; petals absent; disk glands 2–3, free or contiguous, with or without minute intercalated supernumerary glands, or disk shallowly urceolate; ovary 2–3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 2–3, free or slightly connate at the base, spreading, stigmas smooth, papillose, lobulate, fimbriate, laciniate or plumose. Flowers small or minute; pedicels capillary, jointed.
    Fruits
    Fruits 1–3-coccous, loculicidally dehiscent; cocci often subglobose; endocarp coriaceous.
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, thinly arillate; aril usually scarlet; testa crustaceous, foveolate-reticulate or ± smooth; albumen fleshy; embryo axile, radicle conical, cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Erythrococca Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Binuyo, A. [35603], Cameroon K000181168
    Binuyo, A. [35603], Cameroon K000181169
    Cable, S. [44], Cameroon K000085099
    Patel, H. [7167], Mozambique K000545138

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 506 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 86 (1914).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 847
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Hooker, Niger Flora: 506 (1849).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (7): 86 (1914)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 847 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 308 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 790 (1866)
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 506 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0