1. Family: Lecythidaceae A.Rich.
    1. Genus: Barringtonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
      1. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal and W. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Lecythidaceae, G. R. W. Sangai (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 2–12(–27) m. tall, with grey and yellow, greyish or yellowish-brown smooth or fissured bark, sometimes with pneumatophores as in mangroves; bark on young branches very tough; leaf-scars conspicuous; crown with spreading branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate; blades obovate-oblong, or usually elliptic, to elongate-oblanceolate, (5–)15–36(–42) cm. long, (2–)6–14(–16) cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, often rounded at the extreme base, glabrous, crenulate; petiole 0.25–1.5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers many in pendulous racemes 20–70(–100) cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1.6(–2.5) cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx green, mostly flushed pink or deep purple, splitting into (2–)3–4(–5) lobes, 0.75–1.5 cm. long, 0.5–1.25 cm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petals white, often tinged pink outside, elliptic, 1.2–3 cm. long, 0.5–1.5 cm. wide, adnate to the staminal tube.
    Stamens
    Stamens white or pinkish tinged, numerous, in several rows, 2.2–3.7(–5) cm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary ± globular, (2–)3–4(–6, fide Kirk)-locular; ovules 2–3 in each locule; style red, (2–)3–6.2 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ± ellipsoid or conic, round in section or sometimes distinctly angular, 3–7(–9) cm. long, 2–4(–5.5) cm. wide, scarcely glossy, mostly dull and rather rough; endocarp fleshy-fibrous.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid or subtetragonous, 2–4 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/1–7.
    Habitat
    In forest by rivers and streams in coastal belt and some short way inland, also often between the mangroves and bordering grassland or bush with roots often in the water; 0–450(–750) m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z Somali Republic, Mozambique, Natal, Seychelles, Comores, Madagascar, thence extending to S. Asiatic coast, Malesia, tropical Australia and into the Pacific

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., Christmas I., Comoros, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vanuatu

    Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1968 Kirk [78], Tanzania K000225881
    Jul 1, 1968 Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000225882
    Jul 1, 1968 Horsfield, T. [26], Jawa K000761541 isotype
    Jul 1, 1968 Griffith, W. [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia K000761374 holotype
    Jul 1, 1968 Horne [379], Seychelles K000225876
    Jul 1, 1968 Schomburgk, R. [s.n.], Thailand K001067626
    Jun 1, 1968 Wallich, N. [3634C], Peninsular Malaysia K000761352
    Aug 1, 1961 Horsfield, T. [21], Jawa K000761543 holotype
    Nov 20, 1957 Kirk [s.n.] K000225880
    Banks, J. [s.n.], Queensland K000761579 isotype
    Horsfield, T. [26], Jawa K000761542 isotype
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3634], Malaysia K001110671
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3634], India K001110670
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3634] K001110672
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3634] K001110673
    Drege [s.n.] Barringtonia caffra K000225875 isotype

    First published in Syst. Veg. 3: 127 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Prance, G.T. & Jongkind, C.C.H. (2015). A revision of African Lecythidaceae Kew Bulletin 70(1; 6): 1-68.
    • Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Shaw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (eds.) (2012). Flora of peninsular Malaysia 3: 1-385. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Payens in Blumea 15: 192 (1967).
    • van Balgooy & Payens, Pacific Pl. Areas 2 (Blumea Suppl. 5) p. 292 & Map 164 (1966).
    • Backer & Bakh. f., Fl. Java 1: 353 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 243, fig. 48 (1961).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 613 (1959).
    • Perrier de la Bâthie in Fl. Madag. 149: 4, fig. 2/6–9 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 263 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 139, fig. (1949).
    • Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 219: 17 (1939).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 658, fig. 290 (1921).
    • C.B. CI. in Fl. Brit. India 2: 507 (1879).
    • Lawson in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 438 (1871).
    • Harv. in Fl. Cap. 2: 523 (1862).
    • DC., Prodr. 3: 288 (1828).
    • Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 127 (1826).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0