1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium oxyphyllum Sodiro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    This species is ecologically variable, with specimens collected both in a lower montane dry forest life zone (Esmeraldas) and a montane rainforest life zone (Carchí).
    General Description
    Epiphytic; stem short, (1)1.5-2 cm diam.; roots dense, numerous, ascending to spreading, green, smooth when young, soon becoming tomentose, slender and elongate, to 13 cm long, 2-6 mm diam.; cataphylls membranous, 7-10 cm long, narrowly rounded at apex with subapical apiculum ca. 8 mm long, drying tan (B & K yellow 9/2.5), persisting as fine linear fibers. LEAVES spreading; petioles 6-25(30) cm long, 4-7 mm diam., D-shaped, flattened to convex to weakly sulcate or occasionally with a medial rib adaxially, the margins sharply raised, rounded abaxially; geniculum thicker and paler than petiole, (0.7)l-2 cm long; blades coriaceous, narrowly elliptic to sometimes narrowly oblanceolate, long-acuminate at apex (the acumen flat), long-attenuate at base, 45-70 cm long, (4)6-11 cm wide, broadest at or near the middle, the margins broadly undulate; upper surface matte, dark to bright green, lower surface glossy to semiglossy, paler; both surfaces drying matte, greenish to yellowish brown; midrib flat to convexly raised above, prominently and acutely raised and paler than surface below; primary lateral veins 25-35 per side, departing midrib at 30-60° angle, ± straight to the collective vein, scarcely raised to flat or weakly sunken above, weakly raised to ± obscure below, drying slightly raised above and below; interprimary veins numerous, almost as conspicuous as primary lateral veins, obscure when fresh, weakly raised when dried; tertiary veins visible when dried; collective vein arising from near the base, equally as prominent as primary lateral veins, raised when dried, 3-6 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES pendent to erect-spreading, shorter than leaves; peduncle (21)24-46 cm long, (3)4-5 mm diam., 1.2-6 x as long as petiole, light green tinged with purple or maroon at least at base, terete to subterete and flattened adaxially; spathe deflexed green to yellow-green (B & K yellow-green 6/10), cylindroid, semi-erect to nodding, usually slightly curved, held at (150)l30-60° angle from peduncle, 5.8-11 cm long, 3-7 mm diam. near base, 3-5 mm diam. near apex; flowers ± rhombic to 4-lobed, 3-4.5 mm long, 3.7-4.3 mm wide, the sides straight to smoothly or sometimes jaggedly sigmoid; 5-7 flowers visible in principal spiral, 6-8 in alternate spiral; tepals brown, matte to semiglossy, minutely papillate, with abundant droplets present; lateral tepals 1.3-2.5 mm wide, the inner margins broadly convex to straight, scarcely turned up against the pistil, the outer margins 2-sided; pistils prominently emergent, exserted and papillate, the exposed portion squarish, green becoming dark purple; stigma linear to ellipsoid, ca. 0.4 mm long, weakly raised, copious droplets appearing before the stamens emerge; stamens emerging in a regular sequence throughout, held well above the tepals, lateral stamens emerging almost to apex before alternates begin to emerge, arranged in a circle around the pistil; filaments transparent, prominently exserted, thin and flattened, 1.5-1.7 mm long; anthers orange, becoming pinkish or reddish brown, ca. 0.8 mm long, 0.9 mm wide; thecae oblong-ellipsoid, scarcely divaricate; pollen orange, fading to white or tan. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe persisting; spadix 9.5-11.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm diam., with berries scattered throughout; berries orange, ellipsoid, acute and with radial ridges at apex, 6.8-7 mm long, 3.2-3.7 mm diam.; mesocarp mealy; seeds 1 per berry, yellow-brown when dried, ± ovoid, truncate at both ends, 3.5-5 mm long, 2.2-3 mm diam., 1.5- 1.6 mm thick, enveloped by gelatinous, translucent, amber substance.
    Distribution
    Endemic to the Pacific slope in Ecuador from Carchí to Cotopaxi.
    Conservation
    Vulnerable (VU) Criteria: A4c

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador

    Anthurium oxyphyllum Sodiro appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Anales Univ. Centr. Ecuador 15: 381 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0