1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium parasiticum (Vell.) Stellfeld

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Brazil.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Phenology
    Blooming in January.
    Habitat
    On trees and rocks.
    General Description
    Stem thick, assurgent very high (to 3 m); cataphylls herbaceous, pale greenish, then brown. LEAVES: Petiole subterete, very mildly sulcate adaxially, 1-6 dm [10 - 16 cm] long, 1.5 cm diam.; geniculum 1 cm long or longer; blades thick, coriaceous, deep green, shiny above; longer than petiole or almost equalling it, elliptic-oblong, gradually narrowed toward the apex and base, the lowermost acute at the base, 3-5 dm [30 - 50 cm] long, 1.4-2 dm [14 - 20 cm] wide at the middle; midrib rounded below and above; primary lateral veins 16-18 pairs, together with secondary veins parallel, spreading at about a 90 degree angle, (secondary veins interspersed between primary veins), joined in a collective vein well away from the margin. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle shorter than leaf, sharply angled adaxially or adaxially and abaxially, 3-5 dm [30 - 50 cm] long; spathe lanceolate, linear-cuspidate, short-decurrent at the base, greenish, 7.5 cm long, 1-1.25 cm wide, (acumen 1.5 - 2 cm long); spadix very short-stipitate, longer by half or twice as long as spathe, violetish. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries obovoid-subglobose, green at the top, yellow green toward the base; seeds obovoid, compressed, yellow.
    Distribution
    Brazil. Province Rio de Janeiro; Tijuca.
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Stem climbing, internodes short. LEAVES: Petiole ca. 7-10 cm long, 4-5 mm thick, subterete, flat adaxially or narrowly canaliculate, geniculum fairly long, ca. 1 cm long. Blade subcoriaceous, oblong-elliptic, subequally narrowed at both ends, cuneate at base, apiculate at apex, 25-30 cm long, 9-13 cm wide at middle, primary lateral veins arching and patent at angle of 60-70º, above slightly engraved [or embedded] into surface, joined into a collective vein ca. 1 cm from margin, a little prominent on lower surface. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle 25-30 cm long. Spathe linear, shortly decurrent, ca. 4.5 cm long, with 3-4 mm long acumen. Spadix ca. 9 cm long, 5 mm thick, gently narrowing upwards. Tepals ca. 1.5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide.
    Distribution
    South Brazilian Province.
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Stem assurgent, thick, ramose. LEAVES: Petiole semiterete or keeled below, longer than blade or equally long; geniculum slightly long, semiterete or cana1icuIate-hollowed out in a curve; blades deep green above, shining, paler below, elliptic-oblong, a little narrowed toward the base, obtuse or even emarginate or more narrowed, repent at the bottom or abruptly compressed, narrowed toward the apex in a more or less arcuate line, short-acuminate-cuspidate at apex; primary 1ateral veins 12-18 pairs, together with secondary veins just as many, rare1y two each [or paired] or three each interspersed, spreading openly at about a 90 degree angle, joined in a collective vein slightly broadly away from the margin. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle terete, 4-5 dm [40 - 50 cm] long; spathe linear-lanceolate, cuspidate at the apex, clasping at the base, 8-10 cm long, 1 cm wide; acumen 5-8 mm long; spadix 1 1/2 times longer than spathe, subsessile, 1.5-1.8 dm [15 - 18 cm] long, 4-5 mm diam. at the bottom. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries short-obovoid [or weakly obovoid?], green, 2.5-3 mm in diameter.
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic
    The plant is distinguished in particular by the broadly truncate leaf blade bases.
    General Description
    Stem thick, long-repent or eventually becoming a climber, internodes short, cataphylls lanceolate, acuminate, later decomposing into fibres. LEAVES: Petiole terete, slender, canaliculate adaxially, 7 - 10 cm long, 2 - 3.5 mm thick, geniculum short, not thickened, flattened adaxially. Leaf blade rigid, subcoriaceous, narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate at the apex, broadly obtuse at the base, 20 - 30 cm long, 5 - 7.5 cm wide, primary lateral veins numerous, arising at nearly 90 deg. From the thickish midrib later somewhat ascending, distinctly prominent on both surfaces, near the margin joined into a slender collective vein 3 - 5 mm distant from the margin. INFLORESCENCES: Peduncle terete, slender, 8 - 10 cm long, 2 mm thick. Spathe linear-lanceolate, acuminate at the apex, 3 - 4 cm long, 7 - 8 mm wide. Spadix sessile, elongate, submyosuroid, narrowly cylindroid, rounded-obtuse at the apex, 7 - 10 cm long, basally 6 - 8 mm thick, narrowing upwards. Tepals narrowly oblong, 2 - 3 times longer than wide. Ovary ovoid, narrowing towards the apex.
    Distribution
    Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Anthurium parasiticum (Vell.) Stellfeld appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 19, 2005 Nadruz, M. [1466], Brazil K000523790 Unknown type material
    Anthurium miquelianum 46964.000
    Mayo, S., Brazil Anthurium miquelianum 49789.000
    Dec 22, 2011 Fraga, C.N. et al [2893], Brazil Anthurium olfersianum K000524270
    Lankester, C.H. Anthurium olfersianum 36020.000

    First published in Arq. Mus. Paranaense 8: 175 (1950)

    Accepted by

    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A., Waechter, J.L. & Mayo, S.J. (2009). Revisão taxonômica das espécies de Anthurium (Araceae) seção Urospadix subseção Flavescentiviridia Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 60: 799-864.
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. & Mayo, S.J. (2007). Typifications of names of Brazilian taxa of Anthurium sect. Urospadix (Araceae) Taxon 56: 211-225.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A., Waechter, J.L. & Mayo, S.J. (2009). Revisão taxonômica das espécies de Anthurium (Araceae) seção Urospadix subseção Flavescentiviridia Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 60: 799-864.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0