1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Basilicum Moench
      1. Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Lectotype: Linnean Herbarium 749.15, right hand specimen (LINN!, lecto.)
    Habit
    Aromatic annual herb to 1 m tall
    Stem
    Stems erect, strongly quadrangular, branching above, ± glabrous or with short patent hairs on the inflorescence axis
    Leaves
    Leaves glandular-punctate, ovate, 2–5 × 1–2(–3) cm, serrate, apex acuminate, base attenuate or cuneate, glabrous or rarely with scattered appressed hairs; petiole 10–35 mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences mainly axilliary, condensed, with mainly 6-, rarely 3–5-flowered verticils 3–5 mm apart; flowers often concentrated on one side of the inflorescence axis; bracts 1–2 mm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long, terete, spreading
    Calyx
    Calyx horizontal, 1–1.5 mm long at anthesis with scattered sessile glands and short patent hairs; fruiting calyx 2.5–3 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla white, blue or purple, 2–3 mm long; tube straight, parallel-sided at base, dilating at midpoint; lips with scattered sessile glands
    Fruits
    Nutlets brown, ovoid, slightly dorsoventrally compressed, minutely roughened, producing mucilage when wet
    Figures
    Fig 30, p 195
    Ecology
    Waterside, seasonally flooded areas; 150–1100 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widely distributed
    Distribution
    Range: Throughout Old World tropics Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Z P

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 21, 1996 Darbyshire, P.J. [808], Papua New Guinea K000888356
    Mar 1, 1964 Gwynne Vaughan, D.T. [288], Malaysia K000888365
    Jun 1, 1936 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1970], Mozambique K000347239
    Gossweiler, J. [237], Angola K001008837
    Ridley, H.N. [14930], Malaysia K000888367
    Ridley, H.N. [14928], Malaysia K000888366
    Mathew, B. [6392], Kenya 6049.216
    Sinclair, J. [39372], Malaysia K000888364
    Welwitsch [5582], Angola K001008838
    Welwitsch [5547], Angola K001008839
    Loher, A. [4214], Philippines K000888361
    Koorders, S.H. [21550], Indonesia K000888373
    Kotschy [164], Sudan K000347238
    Royen, P. van [4580], Indonesia K000888355
    Gjellerup, K. [998], Indonesia K000888353
    Gjellerup, K. [356], Papua New Guinea K000888352
    Versteeg, G. [1938], Indonesia K000888354
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000888374
    Teijsmann, J.E. [732], Indonesia K000888368
    Reekmans, M. [8417], Burundi K000509482
    Blackwood, B. [329], Papua New Guinea K000888351
    Edaño, G.E. [17972], Philippines K000888358
    Whitehead, J.C. [180], Indonesia K000888375
    Wallace, A.R. [s.n.], Indonesia K000888369
    Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. [1940], Indonesia K000888370
    Reinwardt, C.G.C. [s.n.], Indonesia K000888371
    Cuming, H. [478], Philippines K000888360
    Ramos, M. [41645], Philippines K000888362
    Merrill, E.D. [423], Philippines K000888363
    s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000888372
    s.coll. [s.n.], Philippines K000888359
    s.coll. [31], Philippines K000888357
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2711], Myanmar Moschosma polystachyon K001116880
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2711], Myanmar Moschosma polystachyon K001116881
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 2711], Myanmar Moschosma polystachyon K001116882
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2711] Moschosma polystachyon K001116879
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2711], India Moschosma polystachyon K001116883
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2711] Moschosma polystachyon K001116884
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2711], India Moschosma polystachyon K001116885

    First published in Suppl. Meth.: 143 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 5: 581 (2006)
    • Fl. Somalia 3: 346 (2006)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 2: 454 (1962)
    • J.L.S. 58: 238 (1962)
    • F.P.S. 3: 205 (1956)
    • Suppl. Meth. Pl.: 143 (1802) as B. polystachion

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0