1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium pendulifolium N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to N. Peru.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 380 m.; Amazonia.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora, epífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Ranges from Colombia (Amazonas and Putumayo) to northern Peru. Most collections are from the upper Río Napo and Río Aguarico in northern Ecuador (Napo), and also from around Iquitos in Loreto, Peru. It has also been collected in northern Amazonas, in Peru along the Río Cenepa and the Río Santiago, as well as along the lower Río Pastaza in northwestern Loreto. 1t is to be expected throughout lowland Ecuador and northwestern Loreto in Peru.
    Vernacular
    Common names for this species include "yakiya sugkip" (Huambisa tribe, Río Santiago, Amazonas, Peru); "kankur nuka" (Río Santiago); "meko uko" (Siona Indians, Putumayo, Colombia); "fam’be" (Río San Miguel, Putumayo, Colombia); and "bagre panga" (Río Lagartacocha, Napo, Ecuador).
    Habitat
    Tropical moist and tropical wet forest.
    General Description
    Epiphytic, rarely terrestrial; stem pendent, 20-30 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm diam.; leaf scars reported as conspicuous, ca. 2.8 cm wide; roots moderately dense, descending, brown, 6 mm diam.; cataphylls moderately coriaceous, broadly lanceolate, scarcely 1-ribbed, 4-19 cm long, acuminate at apex with subapical apiculum, green, drying brown (B & K yellow-red 9/2.5), persisting as coarse linear fibers, the apex remaining intact. LEAVES spreading-pendent to pendent; petioles 27-65 cm long, 5-10 mrn diam., terete to subterete or thicker than broad, slightly flattened adaxially, rounded abaxially, the surface minutely pale-speckled; geniculum paler and thicker than petiole, 1.5-3.5 cm long; sheath 2.5-12 cm; blades coriaceous to subcoriaceous, oblong to oblanceolate, acuminate at apex, acute to rounded (rarely subcordate) at base, 64-190(207) cm long, 16-32(42.5) cm wide, broadest above the middle, the margins weakly revolute, broadly and weakly undulate; upper surface glossy to semiglossy, light to medium green (B & K yellow-green 5/10), lower surface matte, paler; midrib convexly to obtusely raised, paler than surface above, obtusely angled below; primary lateral veins (8)ll-15 per side, departing midrib at 45° angle, arcuate-ascending to the margin, sunken in shallow grooves above, paler than surface, raised below; interprimary veins few, obscure; tertiary veins obscure above, scarcely raised and darker than surface below; collective vein arising in the lower third to about the middle of the blade, less prominent than primary lateral veins, (4)7-14 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect-spreading; peduncle 35-52 cm long, 0.5-1 cm diam., 0.5-1.7 x as long as petiole, terete; spathe reflexed and twisted, subcoriaceous, pale yellowish green to creamy white, violet at margins and at base (B & K yellow-red 9/10), oblong-lanceolate, (9)20-30(60) cm long, 1.5-4.8 cm wide, broadest just above the base, acuminate at apex (the acumen inrolled), acute at base; stipe 8-12 mm long in front, 2-5 mm long in back; spadix reddish violet to reddish purple (B & K purple 2/7.5 to red-purple 7/5-10), tapered, curved, 19.5-38 cm long, 4-9 mm diam. midway, 2-4 mm diam. near apex; flowers weakly 4-lobed to rhombic, 2.5-3.5 mm long, 1.7-3.3 mm wide, the sides straight to sigmoid; 12-16 flowers visible in principal spiral, 8-27 in alternate spiral; tepals matte and weakly punctate; lateral tepals 1.4-2.2 mm wide, the inner margins broadly rounded to somewhat concave, the outer margins 3-5-sided; pistils glossy, weakly exserted, green; stigma brushlike; stamens emerging irregularly; filaments fleshy, translucent, minutely papillate, exserted 0.5 mm; anthers creamy white to yellow, 0.5 mm long, 0.6-0.7 mm wide, inclined over the pistil; thecae ovoid-ellipsoid to pyriform, weakly divaricate; pollen yellow fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent to spreading-pendent, sometimes coiled; spathe withered; spadix 27-55 cm long, 1-2 cm diam., with berries scattered throughout; berries lavender, becoming white at maturity, obovoid-oblong, rounded at apex, 10-11 mm long, 5-6 mm diam.; pericarp thickened; mesocarp mealy, white; seeds 1-2 per berry, brown, oblong, (5.5)7.3-7.8 mm long, 2.8-3 mm diam., 1.3 mm thick.
    [CATE]
    Use
    The mashed, cooked leaves are used in a water bath by the Siona Indians (Putumayo, Colombia) to relieve bone aches and rheumatism.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Anthurium pendulifolium N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1988 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000434368 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000434369 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000434370 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000434373 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.] K000434372
    Jan 1, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.] K000434371
    Jan 1, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.] K000434374 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.] K000434375 Unknown type material
    Rouse, V.R. 25035.000

    First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 36: 362 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Al-Farhan, E., Keehn, P.M. & Stevenson, R. 1992. Aryl propene cyclization and structure of the aryl indane product from Acorus calamus. J. Chem. Research (S). 1992: 36-37.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0