1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Macaranga Thouars

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious or rarely monoecious trees or shrubs, usually with a simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple or lobate, entire or toothed, peltate or not, palminerved or penninerved, gland-dotted beneath
    Stipules
    Stipules various
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, paniculate, racemose, spicate or conglomerate, usually solitary, sometimes fasciculate, shortly pedunculate; bracts varying in size, entire, lobate or fimbriate, gland-dotted and often also with larger glands within, ♂’s many-flowered, ♀’s usually 1-flowered
    Flowers
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate or subsessile; calyx globose or clavate and closed in bud, later splitting into 2–4 valvate lobes; petals 0; disc 0; stamens 1–5 or 10–30, filaments short, free or shortly connate at the base, anthers small, terminal, apicifixed, (2–)3–4-thecous and -valved, transversely or cruciately dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers shortly pedicellate or subsessile; calyx truncate or shallowly toothed, later becoming broadly cupular, irregularly split or obliquely subspathaceous; petals 0; disc 0; ovary 1–3(–6)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 1–3(–6), short or long, stout or slender, entire, free or connate at the base, rarely united in a globose mass
    Male
    Male flowers shortly pedicellate or subsessile; calyx globose or clavate and closed in bud, later splitting into 2–4 valvate lobes; petals 0; disc 0; stamens 1–5 or 10–30, filaments short, free or shortly connate at the base, anthers small, terminal, apicifixed, (2–)3–4-thecous and -valved, transversely or cruciately dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers shortly pedicellate or subsessile; calyx truncate or shallowly toothed, later becoming broadly cupular, irregularly split or obliquely subspathaceous; petals 0; disc 0; ovary 1–3(–6)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 1–3(–6), short or long, stout or slender, entire, free or connate at the base, rarely united in a globose mass
    Fruits
    Fruit 2–3(–6)-lobed, dehiscing into 2–3(–6) bivalved cocci, or else not lobed, 1-chambered and subindehiscent, smooth, echinate or tuberculate
    Seeds
    Seeds often globose or ± so, exotesta fleshy, endotesta crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious or rarely monoecious trees or shrubs, usually with a simple indumentum.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple or lobed, entire or toothed, peltate or not, palminerved and/or penninerved, gland-dotted on lower surface.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, racemose or paniculate, shortly pedunculate; bracts entire or lobed, glandular or not; male bracts many-flowered, female bracts usually 1-flowered; flowers shortly pedicellate or subsessile.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, globose or clavate, later valvately 2–4-partite; petals and disk absent; stamens 2–5 or 10–20, filaments short, free or ± connate at the base, anthers small, terminal, apicifixed, (2)3–4-celled, (2)3–4-valved, transversely or cruciately dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: calyx truncate or shallowly toothed, later becoming broadly cupular and splitting; petals and disk absent; ovary 1–3-celled, with 1 ovule per cell; styles 1–3, often rather stout, entire, free or connate at the base.
    Fruits
    Fruits not lobed, or less often 2–3-lobed, dehiscing into bivalved cocci or subindehiscent, smooth or verrucose, usually glandular.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± globose; exotesta fleshy; endotesta crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Macaranga Thouars appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harris, D.J. [2430], Central African Republic 60055.000
    Harris, D.J. [2449], Central African Republic 60058.000
    Harris, D.J. [2445], Central African Republic 63058.000
    Barker, C. [22], Indonesia 72356.000
    Barker, C. [23], Indonesia 72357.000

    First published in Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 26 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 298 (1914).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 932
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 26 (1806).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(7): 298 (1914)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 932 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 320 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 987 (1866)
    • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 26 (1806)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0