1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Maesobotrya Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, often long-petiolate, the petioles with a proximal and distal pulvinus, stipulate, simple, entire or toothed, membranaceous or chartaceous, penninerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, solitary or fasciculate, subspicate or racemose; bracts usually 1-flowered
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels commonly short; calyx (4–)5-lobed, imbricate; petals 0; stamens 5 (rarely 4 or 6), opposite the calyx-lobes, filaments free, anthers erect, dorsifixed, introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disc-glands 5, alternating with the filaments, fleshy, contiguous; pistillode ± cylindric, elobate Female flowers: pedicels and calyx as in the ♂ flowers; petals 0; disc hypogynous, cupular, usually entire; ovary (1–)2(–4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles very short; stigmas bifid, slightly recurved
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels commonly short; calyx (4–)5-lobed, imbricate; petals 0; stamens 5 (rarely 4 or 6), opposite the calyx-lobes, filaments free, anthers erect, dorsifixed, introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disc-glands 5, alternating with the filaments, fleshy, contiguous; pistillode ± cylindric, elobate
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels and calyx as in the ♂ flowers; petals 0; disc hypogynous, cupular, usually entire; ovary (1–)2(–4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles very short; stigmas bifid, slightly recurved
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, subdrupaceous, tardily loculicidally dehiscent; pericarp membranaceous, chartaceous or thinly coriaceous; endocarp 1-locular by suppression
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary by abortion, ellipsoid, ecarunculate; testa thin; albumen scanty; cotyledons broad, flat, green.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, often long-petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or toothed, penninerved; petioles bipulvinate; stipules minute and deciduous (or foliaceous and persistent elsewhere).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary (or cauliflorous elsewhere), solitary (or fasciculate elsewhere), racemose (or subspicate elsewhere); bracts usually 1-flowered; flowers shortly pedicellate.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx (4)5-lobed, imbricate; petals absent; disk glands (4)5, alternating with the stamens, fleshy, contiguous; stamens (4)5(6), opposite the sepals; filaments free; anthers erect, dorsifixed, introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode cylindric, not lobed. Female flowers: calyx as in the male; petals absent; disk hypogynous, cupular, entire; ovary (1)2(4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles short; stigmas bifid, recurved.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, subdrupaceous, tardily loculicidally dehiscent; pericarp thin; endocarp 1-locular by suppression.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary by abortion, ellipsoid, ecarunculate; testa thin; albumen copious; cotyledons broad, flat, green.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Maesobotrya Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2010 Gosline, G. [443], Cameroon K000683096
    Tuley, P. [656], Nigeria 70000.022
    Harris, D.J. [2442], Central African Republic 60052.000

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 13: t. 1296 (1879)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 15: 17–26 (1922).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 663
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J. Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 63: 4 (1994).
    • in Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 13: t. 1296 (1879).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (15): 17 (1922)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 663 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 284 (1880)
    • in Hook., Ic. Pl. 13, t. 1296 (1879)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0