1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Mallotus Lour.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to W. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious or more rarely monoecious trees or shrubs often with a stellate indumentum, but sometimes with the indumentum simple or mixed
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, sometimes anisophyllous, petiolate, stipulate, lobate or elobate, entire or toothed, with 2 or more basal glands above and often pellucid-gland-dotted above and beneath, penninerved or palminerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unisexual, spicate, racemose or paniculate, terminal, subterminal or axillary, few- or many-flowered; ♂ flowers commonly in fascicles along the axis; ♀ flowers 1–2 per bract
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx usually globose in bud, later valvately (2–)3–4(–5)-partite; petals 0; disc-glands 0 or numerous, free, disposed amongst the stamens; stamens numerous, on a slightly elevated receptacle, filaments free, the anther thecae separated by a connective of variable form, subdorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 or rarely minute Female flowers: calyx shallowly or deeply imbricately or valvately 3–5(–10)-lobed, persistent, or subspathaceous and caducous; petals 0; disc 0; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free or connate at the base, simple, recurved, papillose or plumose
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx usually globose in bud, later valvately (2–)3–4(–5)-partite; petals 0; disc-glands 0 or numerous, free, disposed amongst the stamens; stamens numerous, on a slightly elevated receptacle, filaments free, the anther thecae separated by a connective of variable form, subdorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 or rarely minute
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx shallowly or deeply imbricately or valvately 3–5(–10)-lobed, persistent, or subspathaceous and caducous; petals 0; disc 0; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free or connate at the base, simple, recurved, papillose or plumose
    Fruits
    Fruits globose or (2–)3(–4)-lobed, smooth or echinate, dehiscing septicidally into bivalved cocci leaving a ± 3-winged persistent columella; endocarp crustaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds globose or ovoid, ecarunculate, outer testa slightly fleshy or soft, inner testa crustaceous, smooth or rugulose, albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious, or rarely monoecious trees or shrubs often with a stellate, or sometimes simple or mixed, indumentum.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, sometimes anisophyllous, petiolate, stipulate, sometimes lobed, entire or toothed, with 2 or more basal glands on the upper surface, and often pellucid-gland-dotted on upper and lower surfaces, penni- or palminerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences unisexual, spicate, racemose or paniculate, terminal, subterminal or axillary, few- to many-flowered; male flowers commonly in fascicles along the axis, female flowers 1–2 per bract.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx usually globose in bud, later valvately (2)3–4(5)-partite; petals absent; disk glands absent or numerous, free, dispersed amongst the stamens; stamens numerous, on a slightly elevated receptacle, filaments free, anthers subdorsifixed with a variable connective, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent or rarely minute. Female flowers: calyx shallowly to deeply imbricately or valvately 3–5(10)-lobed, persistent, or subspathaceous and caducous; petals absent; disk absent; ovary (2)3(4)-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles free or connate at the base, simple, recurved, papillose or plumose.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose or (2)3(4)-lobed, smooth or echinate, dehiscing septicidally into bivalved cocci leaving a more or less 3-winged persistent columella; endocarp crustaceous.
    Seeds
    Seeds globose or ovoid, ecarunculate, the outer testa slightly fleshy or soft, the inner testa crustaceous, smooth or rugulose, albumen fleshy, cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia

    Mallotus Lour. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Coode, M.J.E. [6021], Indonesia 55425.000
    Willis, F.R. [109], Indonesia 71475.000
    Mahmoud, A. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132536
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] Trewia K001132735

    First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 635 (1790)

    Accepted by

    • Sierra, S.E.C. & Van Welzen, P.C. (2005). A taxonomic revision of Mallotus section Mallotus (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia Blumea 50: 249-274.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 145 (1914).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 927
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Cochinch.: 635 (1790).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (7): 145 (1914)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 927 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 319 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 956 (1866), pro parte
    • Fl. Cochinch: 635 (1790)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0