1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium purpureospathum Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Known only from Panama in Bocas del Toro and Chiriquí provinces.
    General Description
    Epiphytic, or terrestrial at higher elevations; stem ca. 2 cm diam.; roots dense, descending, brown to greenish, smooth to scurfy, moderately thick, somewhat elongate, 3-5 mm diam.; cataphylls coriaceous to subcoriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, 7-14(25) cm long, obtuse to acuminate at apex, yellowish green, weakly tinged with red, drying dark tan (B & K yellow 5/2.5), persisting semi-intact, eventually as a reticulum of fibers. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 12-37(66) cm long, 4-10 mm diam., quadrangular to D-shaped, flattened to broadly and sharply sulcate adaxially, the margins raised, rounded to 1-3-ribbed abaxially, the surface pale-speckled; geniculum thicker and paler than petiole, 1-2.5 cm long; blades subcoriaceous to moderately coriaceous, oblong-oblanceolate to oblong-elliptic, shortly acuminate at apex (the acumen apiculate), obtuse to acute or attenuate at base, 27-74(94) cm long, 7.5-40 cm wide, broadest at or above the middle, the margins broadly undulate; upper surface matte to semiglossy, dark green, lower surface glossy to weakly. glossy, paler; midrib above obtusely angular-raised to convex at base, becoming narrowly raised toward the apex, below prominently higher than broad and 1-ribbed at base, gradually becoming convexly raised toward the apex, paler than surface above and below; primary lateral veins (6)11-16 per side, departing midrib at 45-70° angle, arcuate-ascending, loop-connecting in the upper half of the blade, convexly raised in grooves, paler than surface above, prominently and convexly raised and somewhat darker than surface below; interprimary veins sometimes present, almost as conspicuous as primary lateral veins; tertiary veins weakly visible above, flat to weakly raised and darker than surface below; collective vein arising from about the middle or the base of the blade, weakly sunken above, raised and darker than surface below, less prominent than primary lateral veins, 4-8(13) mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading; peduncle 3-38(50) cm long, 6-20 mm diam., rarely shorter than, mostly equalling or slightly longer than petiole, purplish or green, subterete; spathe subcoriaceous, purple to purplish with green mottling especially near the base at the center, oblong to narrowly ovate, 4.5-17.5 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, broadest just above the base, acute at apex (the acumen cuspidate), obtuse to rounded at base; spadix dark violet-purple (B & K purple 2/7.5), cylindroid to slightly tapered, (4)5-22 cm long, 3-10 mm diam. near base, 2-5 mm diam. near apex; flowers rhombic to weakly 4-lobed, 2-2.3 mm long, 2.5-3 mm wide, the sides smoothly to jaggedly sigmoid; ca. 14 flowers visible in principal spiral, ca. 7 in alternate spiral; tepals matte with small, scattered droplets; lateral tepals 1.4-1.6 mm wide, the inner margins flat against pistil; pistils slightly raised, purple becoming green and finally orange; stigma linear, ca. 0.5 mm long, droplets persisting for 4-10 days, drying with exserted papillae 4-6 days before stamens emerge; stamens emerging slowly from the base, held tightly in a circle around pistil; filaments transparent, flattened, soon retracting, holding anthers at level of tepals, 0.7-1 mm long, ca. 0.7 mm wide; anthers pale orange; thecae ellipsoid, usually not divaricate; pollen golden yellow (B & K yellow 8/2.5) fading to creamy white. INFRUCTESCENCE erect to spreading; spathe usually persisting; spadix 9-19 cm long, to 4 cm diam.; berries orange, red-orange to red (B & K red 6/7.5), narrowly ovoid, acute with minute, mammilliform style at apex, to 10 mm long; mesocarp pasty, transparent; seeds 1 or 2 per berry, pale greenish yellow, ca. 4 mm long, 2 mm diam.
    Habitat
    Wetter parts of tropical moist and premontane wet forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Panamá

    Anthurium purpureospathum Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Croat [33094], Panama 49792.000 isotype
    Croat, T.B. [38094], Panama K000434340 isotype
    Croat, T.B. [38094], Panama K000434341 isotype
    Croat, T.B. [38094], Panama K000434342 isotype

    First published in Selbyana 5: 328 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0