1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Maprounea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America, Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious or sometimes dioecious completely glabrous trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, shiny above, glaucous and with (0–)1–4 sessile glands beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal on short lateral shoots, spicate or racemose, solitary, bisexual, rarely unisexual, with 1–5 ♀ flowers at the base, the ♂ flowers being aggregated into a dense mass at the apex; ♂ bracts small, imbricate, slightly fleshy, with 1–3 subsessile glands on each side at or near the base, 3(–5)-flowered; bracteoles minute; ♀ bracts small, 1-flowered
    Male
    Male flowers subsessile or very shortly pedicellate; calyx-lobes 2–3(–4), imbricate, membranous; petals 0; disc 0; stamens (1–)2–3, filaments for the most part united into a column, exserted, anthers basifixed, 2-thecous, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Flowers
    Female flowers pedicellate, the pedicels extending in fruit; calyx-lobes 3(–6), ± imbricate; petals 0; disc 0; ovary (2–)3(–5)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles (2–)3(–5), connate at the base, entire, straight at first, then reflexed, the adaxial stigmatic surface canaliculate and minutely papillulose Male flowers subsessile or very shortly pedicellate; calyx-lobes 2–3(–4), imbricate, membranous; petals 0; disc 0; stamens (1–)2–3, filaments for the most part united into a column, exserted, anthers basifixed, 2-thecous, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers pedicellate, the pedicels extending in fruit; calyx-lobes 3(–6), ± imbricate; petals 0; disc 0; ovary (2–)3(–5)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles (2–)3(–5), connate at the base, entire, straight at first, then reflexed, the adaxial stigmatic surface canaliculate and minutely papillulose
    Fruits
    Fruit ± globose or slightly (2–)3(–5)-lobed, dehiscing into (2–)3(–5) bivalved cocci; exocarp thin, smooth, not separating from the endocarp; endocarp ligneous; columella persistent
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid, outer testa smooth, shiny, slightly fleshy (sarcotesta); endotesta crustaceous, smooth, rugulose or foveolate; caruncle large, conical, shallowly 2-lobate, fleshy; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious or sometimes dioecious glabrous trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, sparingly glandular beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal on short lateral shoots, spicate or racemose, usually bisexual with 1–5 female flowers at the base and a dense head of male flowers at the apex; bracts glandular at the base, the male bracts small, 3–5-flowered, the female bracts 1-flowered.
    Flowers
    Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; calyx lobes 2–3(4), imbricate; petals and disk absent; stamens (1)2–3, filaments united into a column, exserted, anthers basifixed, bithecous, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers pedicellate, the pedicels elongating in fruit; calyx lobes 3(6), ± imbricate; petals and disk absent; ovary (2)3(5)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles (2)3(5), united at the base, entire, straight, becoming reflexed, stigmas canaliculate, papillulose.
    Fruits
    Fruits ± globose or slightly (2)3(5)-lobed, dehiscing into bivalved cocci; exocarpthin, smooth; endocarp ligneous; columella persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid; sarcotesta smooth, shiny; endotesta crustaceous, smooth, rugulose or foveolate; caruncle large, conical, 2-lobed, fleshy; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Guyana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Maprounea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 895 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 1002
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 5: 174 (1912).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 895 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J. Léon. in F.C.B. 8: 142 (1962)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 1002 (1913)
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(5): 175 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 333 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 1190 (1866)
    • Hist. Pl. Guian. Fr. 2: 895 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0