1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica arzivencoi Valls & Barcellos

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms decumbent; 50-90 cm long; 0.6 mm diam. Culm-internodes scaberulous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.4-4 mm long. Leaf-blades 2-11 cm long; 1.5-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 6-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; simple; 1-3 cm long. Panicle axis dominant. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; curved; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; with lower wider than upper; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-4.7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; with hyaline margins; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.1 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; elliptic; 2.2 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; 1.5 mm long; dark brown. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Valls 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Melica arzivencoi Valls & Barcellos appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bonplandia (Corrientes) 3(9): 111 (1973)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0