1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica bonariensis Parodi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 40-70 cm long. Culm-internodes scaberulous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; retrorsely scabrous. Leaf-sheath auricles erect and connate forming a tooth opposite blade. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 6-12 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 5-15 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough abaxially; pubescent; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 20-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; simple. Panicle axis dominant; scaberulous. Panicle branches smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; curved; pubescent; hairy above.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 4-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; dorsally compressed; 4-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; with lower wider than upper; reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 4-7.5 mm long; 1-1.3 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume primary vein falling short of apex. Lower glume apex erose; obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-5.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; with hyaline margins; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 1-1.5 mm long. Lemma apex acute. Palea 3.5-4.5 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface asperulous. Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; cuneate; 1-1.3 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas truncate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; 0.2 mm long; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3; 0.6-1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 2-2.4 mm long; dark brown. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Torres 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina South

    Melica bonariensis Parodi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Parodi, L.R. [13888], Argentina K000433958 Unknown type material

    First published in Darwiniana 9: 358 (1951)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0