1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica paulsenii Phil.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms rambling; 200-300 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; retrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; erose; truncate. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous (retrorsely); rough adaxially, or on both sides. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted, or spiciform; oblong; 7-14 cm long; 2-3 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle axis scabrous. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets spreading; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; curved; scabrous; pubescent; hairy above.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1(-2) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Rhachilla elongation 0.3-0.6 mm long; pilose. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1(-2) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Rhachilla elongation 0.3-0.6 mm long; pilose. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; with lower wider than upper; reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 6-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume primary vein extending to apex. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; with hyaline margins; without keels; 4-5 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex emarginate, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; 1.6-2 mm wide; chartaceous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 1-1.2 mm long. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse. Palea 3.5-4.5 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate; adorned above; with 0.33 of their length adorned. Palea surface scabrous. Apical sterile florets barren; in a clump; elliptic; 1-2.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; 0.3 mm long; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3; 1.2-1.8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 2-2.5 mm long; dark brown. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Schick 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chile Central

    Melica paulsenii Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Werdermann, E. [907], Chile K000433960

    First published in Anales Univ. Chile 94: 159 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0