1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium salvadorense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is El Salvador, Guatemala.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Terrestrial or epilithic; stem short, 2-5 cm diam.; roots numerous, dense, descending to spreading or ascending, pale green to tinged reddish, smooth to pubescent, short and moderately thick, bluntly pointed at apex, 4-10 mm diam.; cataphylls moderately coriaceous, shortly lanceolate, 5-12.5 cm long, pale yellowish green, acute and apiculate at apex, drying light to dark brown, persisting partially intact, eventually deciduous. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 9.5-46 cm long, (4)6-10 mm diam., ± quadrangular to D-shaped, broadly and shallowly to deeply sulcate, sometimes with medial rib adaxially, the margins blunt to sharp and raised, rounded to multi-ribbed abaxially, the surface pale-speckled; geniculum thicker than petiole and paler than petiole, 1-2 cm long; blades subcoriaceous, elliptic to broadly elliptic to oblanceolate, gradually to abruptly acuminate at apex (the acumen downturned, ca. 15 mm long), acute to obtuse to narrowly rounded at base, 25-65 cm long, 8-26 cm wide, broadest at or above middle, the margins undulate; upper surface matte to semiglossy, lower surface matte; medium green above, slightly paler below; midrib above flat with weak medial ridge at base, becoming obtusely angular and eventually sunken toward apex, below higher than broad, 1-4-ribbed at base, becoming prominently and convexly raised or convexly raised with a rib toward the apex and slightly paler than surface; primary lateral veins 7-14 per side, departing midrib at 45-60° angle, straight, loop-connected in the upper half, convexly raised above and below, slightly paler than surface; interprimary veins few, raised above and below; tertiary veins sunken to flat above, raised below; collective vein arising from about the middle of the blade or higher, sunken above, raised below, 5-12 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading; peduncle 13-57 cm long, 3-7 mm diam., 1.4-2.8 x as long as petiole, light green, terete, weakly multi-ribbed; spathe erect to spreading, becoming recurled, moderately coriaceous, pale yellow-green (B & K yellow-green 8/10), ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 4.5-10 cm long, 1-4.3 cm wide, broadest just above the base, inserted at 155-170° angle on peduncle, acuminate at apex (the acumen apiculate and inrolled), subcordate and decurrent on peduncle at base; spadix pale green (B & K green 8/5), sessile, cylindroid to weakly tapered, somewhat curved, 2.5-11 cm long, 7-12 mm diam. near base, 4-7 mm diam. near apex; flowers ± irregularly 4-lobed, 2-3.3 mm long, 2.5-3.6 mm wide, the sides prominently jaggedly sigmoid; 6-8(10) flowers visible in principal spiral, 9-12 in alternate spiral; tepals smooth, matte; lateral tepals 1.4-1.7 mm wide, the inner margins rounded, somewhat erose, sometimes turned up against pistil, the outer margins irregularly 2-4-sided; pistils weakly emergent, prominently raised before stamens emerge, dark green; stigma circular to ellipsoid, 0.3-0.4 mm long, erect and brushlike, droplets appearing 2-4 days before stamens emerge, stamens emerging rapidly in a complete sequence from the base, lateral stamens almost to apex before stamens emerge; anthers pale green, 0.8-1.2 mm long, 0.7-1.3 mm wide, contiguous, inclined over pistil; thecae weakly divaricate; pollen pale yellow, soon fading to white, sweetly fruit-scented. INFRUCTESCENCE spreading; spathe persisting and erect; spadix 6.5-10.5 cm long, ca. 2 cm diam.; berries orange-red (B & K yellow-red 5/2.5 to red 4/10), broadly obovoid, rounded to flat or weakly indented at apex, 5.5- 9 mm long, 4-9 mm diam.; pericarp moderately thickened, with numerous punctiform raphide cells especially in the apical half; mesocarp pulpy or mealy, with numerous raphide cells; seeds 1 or 2, yellowish white to tan, obovoid to broadly obovoid, 6-6.5 mm long, 5-5.8 mm diam., 3 mm thick, densely covered with punctiform raphide cells.
    Distribution
    Known only from El Salvador and Guatemala

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    El Salvador, Guatemala

    Anthurium salvadorense Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1981 Croat, T.B. [42092 C], El Salvador K000434058 paratype
    Jul 28, 1977 Croat, T.B. [42169], El Salvador K000434059 isotype

    First published in Selbyana 5: 333 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0