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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium sanctifidense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Tropical wet and premontane rain forest on both sides of the isthmus and on both sides of the Continental Divide.
    Known only from Panama, although it is expected to occur in the Chocó of Colombia.
    General Description
    Terrestrial, rarely epiphytic; stem 1.5-2 cm diam., to 30 cm long or more; leaf scars often hidden by persisting cataphylls; roots stout, green to grayish; cataphylls moderately thick, 10-20 cm long, cuspidate-acuminate at apex, drying reddish brown, persisting intact. LEAVES usually erect; petioles 33-50 cm long, 4-11 mm diam., subterete, shallowly and bluntly sulcate; geniculum 2.5-3 cm long, shaped like petiole, sometimes greatly thickened where it meets the blade: blades broadly ovate, lobed at base, abruptly acuminate at apex (the acumen slightly twisted, downturned), 21-57 cm long, 16-46 cm wide, broadest at point of petiole attachment, anterior lobe 16-3 5 cm long, the margins broadly rounded; basal lobes 5-14 cm long, directed basally or somewhat outward, the sinus parabolic to broadly triangular, obtuse to rounded at apex; upper surface matte to semiglossy, drying dark brown with sparse, pale, linear raphide cells, lower surface moderately paler with many pale, weakly raised, round glands (not dark punctations); midrib obtusely raised above and below, diminished and sunken at apex above, basal veins 5 or 6 pairs, 2 or 3 of them coalesced 1.5-3 cm, raised at base, sunken near margin above, raised below, the posterior rib straight to slightly curved, naked, the outer margin rolled upward; primary lateral veins 5-7 per side, departing midrib at ca. 45° angle, more or less straight to collective vein, raised or sunken above, raised below; lesser veins less conspicuous; submarginal collective vein arising from the uppermost basal vein or one of the primary lateral veins, 5-7 mm from the margin, weakly sunken above, weakly raised below. INFLORESCENCE stiffly erect; peduncle 7-36 cm long, 5-8 mm diam., subterete, one-sixth to one-third as long as petioles; spathe pale green to greenish white, medium thick, ovate to lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 5.5-15 cm long, 2.8-3.4cm wide, broadest just above peduncle, cuspidate-acuminate at apex (the acumen 1.5-3 cm long), obtuse to weakly subcordate at base, reflexed spreading decurrent ca. 6 mm, the margins turned down near the base; stipe 2-7 mm long in back, green; spadix greenish white (B & K Yellow-green 9/7.5), 6.7-15 cm long, 9-11 mm diam. near base, 5-9 mm diam. near apex; flowers sub-rhombic to 4-lobed, 3-3.3 mm long, 3.3-3.6 mm wide, the sides jaggedly sigmoid to almost straight, the sides parallel to the spiral, straighter than those perpendicular to the spiral, 7-17 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 5-11 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals glossy, smooth, the lateral tepals 1.4-1.8 mm wide, the inner margin very broadly rounded to almost straight, turned up against pistil; pistils flat to moderately exserted, pale green to white, becoming purplish, exserted 0.3-0.7 mm at anthesis; stigma tufted, raised, colorless, extending ca. 0.3 mm above the pistil; stamens emerging, scattered from the middle and soon progressing toward both ends, held over the pistil; anthers creamy white, 0.5-0.6 mm long, 0.8-0.9 mm wide, obscuring pistil when completed; thecae narrowly ovoid, slightly divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe persistent, the spadix purplish; berries obovoid, ca. 8 mm long, 5.5 mm wide, rounded at apex, violet purple, sometimes whitish toward the base; pericarp thin sometimes with moderately conspicuous linear raphide cells; seeds 2, pale green (?), encased in a mucilaginous, transparent sack, to ca. 6.5 mm long, moderately flattened, oblong-ellipsoid, emarginate at apex, 5-6 mm long, 2.7-4 mm wide.



    Native to:


    Other Data

    Anthurium sanctifidense Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Croat, T.B. [33957], Panama K000434319 isotype


    First published in Selbyana 5: 334 (1981)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.