1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Micrococca Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, Tropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious or monoecious annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, rarely small trees, with a simple indumentum
    Buds
    Buds not perulate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or sometimes the lowest opposite, petiolate, stipulate, stipellate, simple, crenate or serrate, membranous, penninerved, often purplish tinged
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, solitary or fasciculate, pedunculate or not, spicate or racemose, with the flowers arranged interruptedly in clusters along the axis; clusters ♂ or ♀, or else with 1 ♀ and several ♂ flowers each
    Flowers
    Flowers bracteate, subsessile or pedicellate Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, ± globose, apiculate, later splitting into 3(–4) valvate lobes; petals 0; stamens 3–30, usually biseriate, filaments free, short, anthers extrorse, basifixed, the thecae obovoid, free except at the base, longitudinally dehiscent; disc-glands free, equalling the stamens in number or 0, interstaminal; receptacle slightly convex; pistillode 0 Female flowers: calyx 3(–5)-partite, the lobes imbricate, larger than in ♂; petals 0; disc-glands hypogynous, (2–)3(–6), often staminodioid and alternating with the cocci; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free, spreading, linear, stigmas fimbriate- or plumose-laciniate
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, ± globose, apiculate, later splitting into 3(–4) valvate lobes; petals 0; stamens 3–30, usually biseriate, filaments free, short, anthers extrorse, basifixed, the thecae obovoid, free except at the base, longitudinally dehiscent; disc-glands free, equalling the stamens in number or 0, interstaminal; receptacle slightly convex; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx 3(–5)-partite, the lobes imbricate, larger than in ♂; petals 0; disc-glands hypogynous, (2–)3(–6), often staminodioid and alternating with the cocci; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles free, spreading, linear, stigmas fimbriate- or plumose-laciniate
    Fruits
    Fruit (2–)3(–4)-coccous, or monococcous by abortion, septicidally and loculicidally dehiscent, separating septifragally from a crustaceous or woody columella; pericarp thin; endocarp crustaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, enclosed by a thin aril; testa crustaceous, foveolate-reticulate, sometimes muricate or smooth; albumen fleshy; cotyledons suborbicular, sometimes scarcely larger than the radicle.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious or monoecious annual or perennial herbs or shrubs (or small trees outside the Flora Zambesiaca area).
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate (sometimes opposite in lowermost), petiolate, stipulate, stipellate, simple, crenate or serrate, membranous, penninerved, often purplish-tinged.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, spicate or racemose with the flowers in male, female or bisexual bracteate clusters along the axis, usually the terminal flower female.
    Flowers
    Male flowers pedicellate; calyx closed in bud, later splitting into 3(4) valvate lobes; petals absent; disk of 3–30 free interstaminal glands or absent; stamens 3–30, usually biseriate, filaments free, short, anthers extrorse, basifixed, the cells obovoid, free, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers pedicellate; sepals 3–5, imbricate; petals absent; disk glands 2–6, often resembling staminodes and alternating with the cocci; ovary 2–4-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 2–4, free, spreading, linear, usually fimbriate or plumose-laciniate.
    Fruits
    Fruits 2–4-coccous, or monococcous by abortion, dehiscing septicidally and loculicidally; pericarp thin; endocarp crustaceous; columella persistent, crustaceous or woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, ecarunculate, thinly arillate; testa crustaceous, often foveolate-reticulate; albumen fleshy; cotyledons suborbicular, sometimes scarcely larger than the radicle.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Micrococca Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 503 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 131 (1914).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 876
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Hooker, Niger Flora: 503 (1849).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(7): 131 (1914)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 876 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 309 (1880)
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 503 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0