1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Mildbraedia Pax

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs or small trees, with stellate and sometimes also with simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, simple or occasionally (Gabon, Cabinda, Congo) deeply 2–3-lobed, subentire to shallowly or sharply repand-denticulate, penninerved and 3–9-nerved at the base
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, deciduous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or supraaxillary, solitary, often long-pedunculate or scapose, simply racemose or with the flowers in racemes of 1-flowered (♀ inflorescences) or many-flowered (♂ inflorescences) cymes, or with terminal aggregations of cymes; bracts subulate
    Flowers
    Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), free or shortly united at the base, imbricate; petals 5(–6), free, imbricate, equalling or exceeding the sepals; disc of 5 free fleshy glands opposite the sepals; stamens 10–25, inserted on a fleshy hairy receptacle, filaments erect in bud, the outer ones free, short, the inner ones sometimes slightly connate at the base, anthers small, introrse, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers: sepals and petals a little larger than in ♂, otherwise identical; disc hypogynous, annular or 5-lobed, hairy or glabrous; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, free or slightly connate at the base, bifid or bipartite
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), free or shortly united at the base, imbricate; petals 5(–6), free, imbricate, equalling or exceeding the sepals; disc of 5 free fleshy glands opposite the sepals; stamens 10–25, inserted on a fleshy hairy receptacle, filaments erect in bud, the outer ones free, short, the inner ones sometimes slightly connate at the base, anthers small, introrse, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals and petals a little larger than in ♂, otherwise identical; disc hypogynous, annular or 5-lobed, hairy or glabrous; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, free or slightly connate at the base, bifid or bipartite
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobed, septicidal, the 3 cocci loculicidal; exocarp thin, crustaceous; endocarp a little thicker, woody
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose; testa crustaceous, smooth, somewhat shiny, mottled.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs or small trees.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum stellate, sometimes also simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, stipulate, long-petiolate, simple, entire or sometimes (in west and central Africa) deeply 2–3-lobed, subentire to repand-dentate, palminerved.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or supra-axillary, cymose, few-flowered (in Flora Zambesiaca area), long-pedunculate; bracts resembling the stipules.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx deeply 5(6)-lobed, or sepals free, imbricate; petals 5(6), free, imbricate; disk glands 5, free, fleshy, opposite the sepals; stamens 10–25, the outer more or less free, the inner united into a column, anthers small, introrse, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: sepals and petals resembling those of the male flowers, but slightly larger; disk hypogynous, annular, shallowly 5-lobed; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, slightly connate at the base, deeply bifid to bipartite, spreading.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody; columella persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose; testa crustaceous, smooth, somewhat shiny, mottled; caruncle foliaceous, appressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cabinda, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Mildbraedia Pax appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 319 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 798
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 3: 11 (1911).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Engler, Pflanzenr. [IV, fam. 147, iii] 47: 11 (1911).
    • in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 319 (1909)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J. Léon. in F.C.B. 8(1): 85 (1962)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 798 (1912)
    • E.P. IV. 147(3): 11 (1911)
    • in E.J. 43: 319 (1909)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0