1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Merostachys Spreng.
      1. Merostachys ciliata McClure & L.B.Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 800 cm long; 20-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; flabellate; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; reflexed. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; scaberulous; puberulous; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 10 mm long; pale. Ligule absent. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9 cm long; 20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes 1; single; arcuate; unilateral; 9 cm long. Rhachis pubescent on surface; terminating in a sterile spikelet. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; contiguous; regular. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Sterile
    Apical sterile spikelets rudimentary.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 15-17 mm long; 2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Apical sterile spikelets rudimentary.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 15-17 mm long; 2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long. Lower glume surface pubescent. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; persisting on inflorescence. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong, or ovate; 5-6 mm long; mid-green and red (mottled); 7 -veined; obtuse; mucronate. Fertile lemma linear, or oblong; 10-12 mm long; chartaceous; mid-green and red; mottled with last colour; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South

    Merostachys ciliata McClure & L.B.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. 1(Gramin., Supl. Bambus.): 71 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0