1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Mesosetum Steud.
      1. Mesosetum loliiforme (Hochst. ex Steud.) Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cuba, Trinidad to S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect; slender; 15-70 cm long. Leaf-sheaths hispid; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades 4-8 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; unilateral; 4-10 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.8-3.8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.8-3.8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 2-3 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate (below). Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.2-2.7 mm long; 0.6-0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; hyaline; thicker on margins; 3-5 -veined; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.4-3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface striate. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous; without keels.
    Fruits
    Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean, northern South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Swallen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Mesosetum loliiforme (Hochst. ex Steud.) Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [3744], Brazil K000982425
    Jan 1, 2013 Onishi, E. [959], Brazil K000982420
    Jan 1, 2013 Eiten, G. [3789], Brazil K000982457
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [3337], Brazil K000982418
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [4990], Brazil K000982419
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [3932], Brazil K000982445
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [4067], Brazil K000982455
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [4131], Brazil K000982456
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [3638], Brazil K000982458
    Jan 1, 2013 Swallen, J.R. [3722], Brazil K000982459
    Jan 1, 2013 Prance, G.T. [4791], Brazil K000982423
    Jan 1, 2013 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17942], Brazil K000982429
    Jan 1, 2013 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17942], Brazil K000982430
    Jan 1, 2013 Spruce, R. [605], Brazil K000982449
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1374], Brazil K000982460
    Jan 1, 1996 Fonseca, M.L. [773], Brazil K000982434
    Sep 19, 1995 Nascimento, M.S.B. [633], Brazil K000982461
    Jan 1, 1991 Silva, E.L.S. [627], Brazil K000982437
    Apr 30, 1984 Clayton, W.D. [4811], Brazil K000982439
    Apr 20, 1984 Goldsmith, L. [19], Brazil K000982422
    Apr 18, 1984 Glaziou, A.F.M. [22457], Brazil K000982442
    Apr 1, 1984 Harley, R.M. [16793], Bahia K000004395
    Jan 1, 1984 s.coll. [22459], Brazil K000982389
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [24780], Brazil K000982440
    Jan 1, 1962 Egler, W.A. [47664], Brazil K000982452
    Harley, R.M. [16871], Bahia K000004397
    Harley, R.M. [15880], Bahia K000004392
    Philcox, D. [4388], Brazil K000982421
    Clayton, W.D. [4952], Brazil K000982438
    Clayton, W.D. [4812], Brazil K000982426
    s.coll. [2391], Suriname K000643299
    Ule, E. [8046], Brazil K000643296
    Heringer, E.P. [6194], Brazil K000982433
    Chase, A. [11403], Goiás K000643297 Unknown type material
    Chase, A. [11445], Brazil K000982447
    Filgueiras, T.S. [1204], Brazil K000982432
    Swallen, J.R. [4976], Para K000643293 Unknown type material
    Swallen, J.R. [3644], Maranhão K000643294 Unknown type material
    Swallen, J.R. [4046], Maranhão K000643295
    Swallen, J.R. [325], Brazil K000982450
    Swallen, J.R. [3254], Brazil K000982451
    Swallen, J.R. [4015], Brazil K000982453
    Swallen, J.R. [3875], Brazil K000982454
    Swallen, J.R. [4110], Brazil K000982424
    Hostmann [1071], Suriname K000643298 Unknown type material
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [22460], Brazil K000982444
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18668], Brazil K000982428
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17419], Brazil K000982427
    Glaziou, A. [22458], Brazil K000982441
    Glaziou, A. [22459], Brazil K000982446
    Hatschbach, G.G. [31534], Brazil K000982431
    Hatschbach, G.G. [43738], Brazil K000982435
    Hatschbach, G.G. [69962], Brazil K000982436
    Gardner [4065], Brazil K000982443
    Gardner [4065], Brazil K001086350
    Spruce, R. [605], Brazil K000982448

    First published in Bot. Gaz. 51: 302 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0