1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium verapazense Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Central America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Usually epiphytic, sometimes terrestrial; stems 4-8 cm long, 5-6 cm diam.; internodes and leaf scars hidden by persisting cataphylls and thick, descending, dark brown roots; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 6-9 cm long, acuminate at apex, sometimes tinged red-violet, subapical apiculum ca. 2 mm long, drying dark brown (B & K Yellow 4/7.5), persisting as reticulate fibers. LEAVES with petioles erect-spreading, 26-61 cm long, 6-7 mm diam., subterete; geniculum 3-4 cm long, conspicuously sulcate; blades moderately thick, triangular, sometimes ovate-triangular, gradually acuminate at apex, prominently lobed at base, 24-60 cm long, 14-27 cm wide, broadest at base or sometimes at point of petiole attachment; anterior lobe 24-49 cm long, convex to almost straight; posterior lobes 8-17 cm long; sinus hippocrepiform to spathulate to sometimes ovate, usually rounded at apex; both surfaces semiglossy, the lower surface densely punctate; midrib acutely raised above, diminished and sunken from just above the middle to the apex, convexly raised below; basal veins 4-6 pairs, the first free to base, those remaining coalesced 2.5-4 cm, sunken above, raised below; primary lateral veins 7-9 per side, departing midrib at 45°-55° angle, loop-connecting to collective vein, sunken above, prominulous below; lesser veins less conspicuous; collective vein arising from the first basal vein, sunken above, raised below, 4-6 mm from the margin. INFLORESCENCE arching-pendent; peduncle 53-90 cm long, 4-6 mm diam.; spathe moderately thin, oblong-lanceolate, green (B & K Yellow-green 7/10), sometimes tinged violet-purple at margins, 8.5-15 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, broadest near base, narrowly acuminate at apex, obtuse at base, inserted at 45° angle on peduncle; spadix violet-purple (B & K Red-purple 2/5), 10-25 cm long, 6.5-8 mm diam. at base, 3-5 mm diam. at apex; flowers rhombic, 3.6-3.8 mm long, 2.3-2.8 mm wide, the sides straight parallel to the spiral, gradually sigmoid perpendicular to the spiral; 6-7 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 8-10 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals matte to semiglossy, obscurely and sparsely punctate, minutely papillate, the lateral tepals ca. 2 mm wide, the inner margin ± concave and turned up against pistil; pistils weakly emergent, violet-purple slightly paler than tepals; stigma slit-like, oblong, ca. 0.6 mm long; stamens emerging in a moderately rapid sequence from the base, the laterals first, followed shortly by alternates, the leading stamens preceding third and fourth by several spirals, briefly exserted on purplish filaments, withdrawing to level of tepals; anthers yellow, ca. 0.2 mm long, 0.6 mm wide, held in a close, tight circle around pistil; thecae ellipsoid, divaricate; pollen lemon-yellow fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; spadix 15-34 cm long, 1-2.8 cm diam.; spathe often withered or deciduous; berries subglobose to obovoid, rounded at apex, developing in the basal one third to one half, ca. 7 mm long, ca. 6.7 mm diam.; mesocarp juicy, with numerous whitish raphide cells; seeds 1-2, 3.5-4.2 mm long, 3-3.6 mm wide, 2-2.5 mm thick, broadly ellipsoid to subrounded, flattened, emarginate at apex, pale purplish-violet with numerous, clear punctations, the surface sticky, the hypocotyl small.
    Distribution
    From Belize to Guatemala along the Atlantic slope, Mexico and Panama.
    Habitat
    Principally moist forest habitats.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Guatemala, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Anthurium verapazense Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Pflanzenr., IV, 23B: 191 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. 1983. A revision of the genus Anthurium (Araceae) of Mexico and Central America. Part I: Mexico and Middle America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden.. 70 (2): 211-420
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0