1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Mesosphaerum P.Browne
      1. Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FWTA]

    Labiatae, J. K. Morton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A tall, erect, aromatic, woody herb
    Inflorescences
    A dense, much-branched inflorescence of very small flowers
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellowish-green with mauve marks on the lip.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2400 m.
    Habit
    Herb or subshrub.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2400 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Hyptis, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Jamaica, P. Browne in Herb. Linnaeus 726.31 (LINN, lecto.)
    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herb, 1–4.5 m tall, with a strong unpleasant smell
    Stem
    Stem well branched, quadrangular, pubescent with retrorse hairs, longer ones along the angles
    Leaves
    Leaf blades narrowly to broadly ovate, 2–8 × 1–5 cm, serrate, acute to obtuse at apex, mostly rounded to truncate at base, pubescent on both surface, more densely so beneath; petiole of main leaves 2–5 cm long, shorter above
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, branched, proliferating on short flowering branches, ultimately forming a large candelabra-like compound inflorescence; floral branches rather dense with numerous scorpioid cymes; cymes usually in pairs from a short common peduncle, many-flowered, secund, with the calyces pointing upwards, comb-like (pectinate); bracts leaf-like below, smaller above; bracteoles linear to setaceous, 2–4 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2.5(–5.5 in fruit) mm long, pubescent, with a conspicuous tuft of white hairs in the throat; lobes subulate, a little longer than the tube
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish to pale mauve, with the middle lobe of the anterior lip sometimes darker or striped, 2.5–3.5 mm long, pubescent
    Fruits
    Nutlets black, oblongellipsoid, 0.9–1 mm long, smooth
    Figures
    Fig 21, p 135
    Ecology
    Edges of rivers, lakes and swamps, often in thickets or disturbed places; near sea-level to 1800 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widely distributed
    Distribution
    Range: Native of tropical America, long established, widespread and sometimes considered native in tropical and South Africa, also introduced elsewhere Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 P
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Congo, Cook Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Galápagos, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, New Caledonia, Queensland, Rwanda, Society Is., Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2012 Harley, R.M. [7089], Brazil K000924786
    Jan 1, 2012 Ridley, H.N. [97], Brazil K000924810
    Jan 1, 2012 Reitz [732], Brazil K000924795
    Jan 1, 2012 Reitz [2107], Brazil K000924796
    Jan 1, 2012 Irwin, H.S. [31738], Brazil K000924787
    Jan 1, 2012 Irwin, H.S. [29692], Brazil K001233691
    Jan 1, 2012 Rodal, M.J.N. [284], Brazil K000924781
    Jan 1, 2012 Pickersgill, B. [RU72-381], Brazil K000924778
    Jan 1, 2012 Folli, D.A. [5951], Brazil K000924782
    Jan 1, 2012 Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K000924813
    Jan 1, 2012 Seemann [91] K000924814
    Jan 1, 2012 Imaguire, N. [347], Brazil K000924791
    Jan 1, 2012 Lillie, D.G. [20], Trinidad & Tobago K000924808
    Jan 1, 2012 Lillie, D.G. [19], Trinidad & Tobago K000924809
    Jan 1, 2012 B.D.G. [20], Brazil K000924794
    Jan 1, 2012 Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [A1/53], Brazil K000924812
    Jan 1, 2012 s.coll. [53], Brazil K000924811
    Jan 1, 2012 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000924803
    Jan 1, 2012 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000924804
    Jan 1, 2012 Tweedie [1142], Brazil K000924793
    Harley, R.M. [11603], Brazil K000924785
    Harley, R.M. [27377], Brazil K001233673
    Stannard, B. [51948], Brazil K001233671
    Hatschbach, G. [44657], Brazil K001233689
    Hatschbach, G. [44657], Brazil K001233690
    Sucre, D. [3318], Brazil K000924815
    Fevereiro, V.P.B. [MI89], Brazil K000924780
    Santos, T.S. [2834], Brazil K001233668
    Giulietti, A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001233693
    Giulietti, A.M. [1019], Brazil K001233699
    Giulietti, A.M. [1019], Brazil K001233701
    Ganev, W. [339], Brazil K001233675
    Souza, V.C. [11442], Brazil K000924784
    Coradin, L. [6172], Brazil K001233670
    Irwin, H.S. [3755], Brazil K001233672
    Irwin, H.S. [12025], Brazil K001233681
    Irwin, H.S. [30278], Brazil K001233692
    Heringer, E.P. [7016], Brazil K001233676
    Heringer, E.P. [7016], Brazil K001233677
    Heringer, E.P. [15853], Brazil K001233680
    Heringer, E.P. [13276], Brazil K001233682
    Heringer, E.P. [15853], Brazil K001233683
    Agra, M.F. [1342], Brazil K001233685
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000924797
    Silva, G.P. [2443], Brazil K001233669
    Poveda, A. [461], Brazil K001233674
    Folli, D.A. [3188], Brazil K001233686
    Oldenburger, F.H.F. [1690], Brazil K001233679
    Bastos, B.C. [123], Brazil K001233665
    Custodio Filho, A. [144], Brazil K001233696
    Kuhlmann, M. [1878], Brazil K000924792
    Miers, J. [3197], Brazil K000924789
    Gillivray, J.M. [315], Brazil K000924817
    Prescott [s.n.] K000924799
    Way, M.J. [2443], Brazil K001233663
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [31], Brazil K000924779
    Pickel, D.B. [406], Brazil K000924807
    Winder, J.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001233666
    Winder, J.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001233667
    Thomas, W.W. [13503], Brazil K001233664
    Secco, R.S. [207], Brazil K000924783
    Hoehne, F.C. [1055], Brazil K001233700
    Glaziou, A. [14192], Brazil K000924816
    Barreto, K.D. [2236], Brazil K001233697
    Assis, M.A. [334], Brazil K001233694
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [4736], Brazil K000924790
    Vianna, M.C. [922], Brazil K001233687
    Vianna, M.C. [1128], Brazil K001233688
    Gardner [97], Brazil K000924788
    Cruz, N.D. [11], Brazil K001233695
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000924800
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000924801
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K000924798
    Burchell [7273], Brazil K000924805
    Burchell [7273] K000924806
    Burchell [779-2], Brazil K000924818
    Burchell [738], Brazil K000924819
    Martius [s.n.], Brazil K000924802
    Ribeiro, P.L. [68], Brazil K001233662
    Fávero, O.A. [12], Brazil K001233698
    Rodrigues, R. [28], Brazil K001233678
    Souto, J.E. [72], Brazil K001233684
    Jan 1, 1964 Henty, E.E. [NGF11549], Papua New Guinea Hyptis pectinata K000897370
    Apr 1, 1938 Schiffner, V. [2492], Indonesia Hyptis pectinata K000855966
    Jan 1, 1922 Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. [1014], Indonesia Hyptis pectinata K000855968
    Mexico Hyptis pectinata 38164.000
    Brazil Hyptis pectinata 41990.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9222], Tanzania Hyptis pectinata 25413.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10832], Tanzania Hyptis pectinata 27060.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [4741], Zambia Hyptis pectinata 1235.000
    Tanner, R., Tanzania Hyptis pectinata 2757.000
    Backer, C.A. [22061], Indonesia Hyptis pectinata K000855967
    Kerenga, K. [LAE76438], Papua New Guinea Hyptis pectinata K000897369
    Riswan, S. [J024], Indonesia Hyptis pectinata K000855965
    Cuming, H. [s.n.], Philippines Hyptis pectinata K000896400
    McDonald [4564], Indonesia Hyptis pectinata K000855964
    Brunt, M.A. [526], Cameroon Hyptis pectinata K000025103
    Kotschy, C.G.T. [458] Nepeta aristata K000910907
    Haussknecht, H.C. [s.n.] Nepeta aristata K000910906

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 525 (1891)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hyptis pectinata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Harley, R.M. (2012). Checklist and key of genera and species of the Lamiaceae of the Brazilian Amazon Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 63: 129-144.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Mabberley, D.J. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2004). Labiatae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 25: 20-141. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Baker, R.E.D. in Williams, R.O. (1955). Labiatae Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(6): 421-435. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0