1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Pycnocoma Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious little-branched undershrubs or small trees with a simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sometimes pseudoverticillate, often clustered at the apex of the stem, subsessile or shortly petiolate, stipulate or not, usually elobate, shallowly toothed to subentire, minutely glandular-punctate beneath, penninerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences bisexual, racemose, axillary, solitary, each with many ♂ flowers in 1-few-flowered bracteate clusters along the axis, and 1 solitary terminal ♀ flower, rarely more
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels usually long; calyx ovoid in bud, later valvately 3–4(–5)-partite, the sepals reflexed; petals 0; disc-glands numerous, contiguous, disposed amongst the stamens; stamens 50-many, filaments free, flexuous, the anthers small, subglobose, subdorsifixed, introrse, the connective rather broad, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0; receptacle hemispherical Female flowers usually sessile; sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, biseriate; petals 0; disc 0; ovary 3-locular, with one ovule per locule, 6-winged or -horned; styles 3, usually connate below into a column, free above and erecto-patent, undivided, the stigmas capitate or slightly dilated
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels usually long; calyx ovoid in bud, later valvately 3–4(–5)-partite, the sepals reflexed; petals 0; disc-glands numerous, contiguous, disposed amongst the stamens; stamens 50-many, filaments free, flexuous, the anthers small, subglobose, subdorsifixed, introrse, the connective rather broad, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0; receptacle hemispherical
    Female
    Female flowers usually sessile; sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, biseriate; petals 0; disc 0; ovary 3-locular, with one ovule per locule, 6-winged or -horned; styles 3, usually connate below into a column, free above and erecto-patent, undivided, the stigmas capitate or slightly dilated
    Fruits
    Fruits 3-lobed, 6-winged or -horned, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci, each valve 1-winged or -horned, leaving a persistent columella; endocarp thinly woody
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-trigonous or sub-globose, ecarunculate, albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Pycnocoma Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Obiorah, J. N. [20320], Cameroon K000181211

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 508 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 7: 52 (1914).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 955
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J. Léon. in B.S.B.B. 91: 273 (1959)
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(7): 52 (1914)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 955 (1912–13)
    • G.P. 3(1): 326 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 951 (1866), pro parte
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 508 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0