1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Silene L.
      1. Silene undulata Aiton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Corolla
    Petals white or pinkish, lamina c. 0·9 × 0·4 cm., spreading, bifid, with a linear claw somewhat longer than the calyx and lobes denticulate or entire; coronal scales dentate, c. 1·5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens on slender biseriate filaments, the longer c. 3·5 cm. long, the shorter c. 1·7 cm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary narrowly oblong-ovoid, 1-locular, on a puberulous stalk up to 7·5 mm. long; styles 3, c. 1·5 cm. long, slender, papillate along one side.
    Fruits
    Capsule 1·2–1·8 × 0·8 cm., horny, oblong-ovoid, opening by recurved valves at the apex, on a stout stalk 1/3–1/2 the length of the capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, almost black, c. 1·2 × 1 mm., reniform with flattened sides, minutely and concentrically tuberculate.
    Habit
    Sticky, glandular, perennial herb up to c. 60 cm. tall.
    Leaves
    Basal leaves up to 15 × 2·5 cm., spathulate-oblong, acute or obtuse, mucronate, narrowing into a petiole c. 2 cm. long; cauline leaves up to 8 × 2 cm. but usually smaller, lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, apex acute, cuneate and sessile or subsessile at the base, margin sometimes undulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal, lax, rather few-flowered paniculate cymes; bracts similar to the upper leaves, but progressively smaller upwards, lanceolate-acuminate; pedicels 0·6–2 cm. long, viscid-glandular, often in triads with the middle one shortest.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2·5–3·5 × c. 0·5 cm., cylindric, but dilated in fruit, 10-ribbed, viscid-glandular, teeth lanceolate-subulate, c. 5 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Silene undulata Aiton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 15, 1894 Capland [1560] K000313130
    Ecklon. [s.n.] Silene capensis K000313133
    Drège [s.n.] Silene capensis K000313135

    First published in Hort. Kew. 2: 96 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0