1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Tannodia Baill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious or polygamo-dioecious shrubs or trees with a simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, palminerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, solitary, interruptedly racemose; bracts glanduliferous, 1-several-flowered
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx closed in bud, ovoid or subglobose, later valvately 2–5-partite; petals 4–5, longer than the calyx-lobes, imbricate; disc-glands 4–5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 7–12, connate into a short column, biseriate, the outer ones short, opposite the petals, the inner longer, opposite the sepals, anthers dorsifixed, the outer ones introrse, the inner extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent, connective broad; pistillode 0 Female flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx-lobes 4–5, equal, imbricate; petals 4–5, much larger than the calyx-lobes; disc shallowly cupular; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles connate at the base, bifid
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx closed in bud, ovoid or subglobose, later valvately 2–5-partite; petals 4–5, longer than the calyx-lobes, imbricate; disc-glands 4–5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 7–12, connate into a short column, biseriate, the outer ones short, opposite the petals, the inner longer, opposite the sepals, anthers dorsifixed, the outer ones introrse, the inner extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent, connective broad; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx-lobes 4–5, equal, imbricate; petals 4–5, much larger than the calyx-lobes; disc shallowly cupular; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles connate at the base, bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, dehiscent
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, ecarunculate, testa crustaceous, albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious or polygamo-dioecious (with an occasional male flower on a female inflorescence) trees or shrubs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or subentire, palminerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, interruptedly racemose; bracts 1–several-flowered.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: pedicels jointed; sepals 4–5, ± free, ± equal, imbricate; petals 4–5, larger than the sepals, free, imbricate; disk shallowly cupular; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, connate at the base, bifid. Male flowers: pedicels jointed; calyx closed in bud, later splitting into 2–5 valvate lobes; petals 4–5, free, imbricate; disk glands 4–5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 6–14, connate at the base into a short column, 2-seriate with the outer series short and opposite the petals andthe inner longer and opposite the sepals, anthers dorsifixed, the outer introrse, the inner extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent, connective broad; pistillode absent.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate-subglobose, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds ecarunculate; testa crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious, or rarely monoecious, shrubs or small trees.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Buds
    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales).
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, subentire to dentate or lobed, palminerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, interruptedly racemose or subpaniculate; bracts small, 1–several-flowered.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels jointed; calyx closed in bud, later splitting into 2–5 valvate lobes; petals (4)5, short, free, imbricate; disk glands 5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 8–13, connate at the base, anthers basifixed, introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: pedicels jointed; sepals 5, free, subequal, imbricate; petals 5, short, free, imbricate; disk shallowly cupular, lobulate; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, ± free, bipartite.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody; columella more or less absent or not persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds subecarunculate; testa crustaceous; albumen fleshy; embryo straight; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs or small trees with a simple indumentum
    Buds
    Buds perulate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, subentire or dentate, palminerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, solitary, interruptedly racemose or subpaniculate; bracts 1–several-flowered
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx closed in bud, ovoid or subglobose, later valvately 2–5-partite; petals (4–)5, shorter than the calyx-lobes; disc-glands 5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens (8–)10–12(–13), connate at the base, anthers basifixed, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers: pedicels articulate; sepals 5, subequal, imbricate; petals 5, much shorter than the sepals; disc shallowly cupular, lobulate; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles ± free, bipartite
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels articulate; calyx closed in bud, ovoid or subglobose, later valvately 2–5-partite; petals (4–)5, shorter than the calyx-lobes; disc-glands 5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens (8–)10–12(–13), connate at the base, anthers basifixed, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels articulate; sepals 5, subequal, imbricate; petals 5, much shorter than the sepals; disc shallowly cupular, lobulate; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles ± free, bipartite
    Fruits
    Fruit 3-lobed, dehiscent
    Seeds
    Seeds angular-ovoid, subecarunculate, testa crustaceous, albumen fleshy; embryo straight, cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tannodia Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Recueil Observ. Bot. 1: 251 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Adansonia 1: 251, t. 7, f. 1–2 (1861).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(6): 110 (1912)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 826 (1912), pro parte
    • G.P. 3(1): 304 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 728 (1866)
    • in Adansonia 1: 251, t. 7/1–2 (1860–1)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0