1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Thecacoris A.Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs with simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, ± entire, penninerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences racemose, solitary, geminate or fasciculate, axillary, many-flowered; flowers 1 per bract
    Flowers
    Male flowers: sepals 5, imbricate; petals 5, small, or 0; disc-glands 5, free, interstaminal, opposite the petals; stamens 5, opposite the sepals, filaments free, anther-thecae distinct, pendulous, later erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode columnar or obconic, dilated, often truncate Female flowers: pedicels patent in the fruiting stage; sepals ± as in the ♂; petals smaller than in the ♂, or 0; staminodes sometimes present; disc hypogynous, annular; ovary 3-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles 3, free or connate at the base, recurved, bifid
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals 5, imbricate; petals 5, small, or 0; disc-glands 5, free, interstaminal, opposite the petals; stamens 5, opposite the sepals, filaments free, anther-thecae distinct, pendulous, later erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode columnar or obconic, dilated, often truncate
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels patent in the fruiting stage; sepals ± as in the ♂; petals smaller than in the ♂, or 0; staminodes sometimes present; disc hypogynous, annular; ovary 3-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles 3, free or connate at the base, recurved, bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit loculicidally dehiscent; endocarp thinly woody
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious, rarely monoecious, trees shrubs or perennial herbs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or subfasciculate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or subentire, penninerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, solitary (in Flora Zambesiaca area), geminate or fasciculate, pedunculate, spicate, racemose or rarely paniculate, few- to many-flowered; flowers 1 per bract.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: sepals 5(6), imbricate; petals 5, small, or absent; disk glands 5, free, interstaminal, alternating with the sepals, thick; stamens 5, opposite the sepals, filaments free, anther-thecae distinct, introrse, parallel and pendulous at first, later extrorse, divaricate and erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode large, obconic, turbinate or cyathiform, truncate and entire or 3–5-lobed. Female flowers: pedicels patent, elongating and deflexing in fruit; sepals somewhat connate at the base, otherwise ± as in the male; petals smaller than in the male, or absent; staminodes sometimes present; disk hypogynous, annular, crenulate; ovary 3-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles 3, free or connate at the base, recurved, bifid; stigmas ± smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3-lobed, dehiscent into bivalved cocci; pericarp thin, separating from the thinly woody endocarp; columella persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-subglobose to obovoid-pyriform, carunculate; testa thin, striate, shiny; endosperm copious, fleshy; cotyledons greenish.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious perennial herbs or subshrubs with simple or little-branched stems arising from a woody rhizome or stock
    Shoots
    Long and short shoots present
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple
    Buds
    Buds sometimes perulate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, on short shoots subfasciculate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or repand-dentate, penninerved
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, solitary, pedunculate, spicate, racemose or paniculate
    Flowers
    Flowers bracteate, sessile or pedicellate Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), membranaceous, imbricate; petals 0; disc-glands 5, free, interstaminal, alternating with the sepals, thick; stamens 5, opposite the sepals, filaments free, anther-thecae pendulous, parallel at first, later divaricate, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode large, turbinate or cyathiform, with the margin ± entire or slightly 3–5-lobate Female flowers: sepals somewhat connate at the base, otherwise ± as in the ♂ flowers; petals 0; disc hypogynous, annular, crenulate; ovary 3-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3, free, thick, shortly bifid
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), membranaceous, imbricate; petals 0; disc-glands 5, free, interstaminal, alternating with the sepals, thick; stamens 5, opposite the sepals, filaments free, anther-thecae pendulous, parallel at first, later divaricate, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode large, turbinate or cyathiform, with the margin ± entire or slightly 3–5-lobate
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals somewhat connate at the base, otherwise ± as in the ♂ flowers; petals 0; disc hypogynous, annular, crenulate; ovary 3-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3, free, thick, shortly bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit loculicidally dehiscent, leaving a columella; pericarp thin; endocarp thinly woody
    Seeds
    Seeds pyriform-cypraeiform, lightly striate, shiny.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Thecacoris A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, D.W. [7537], Cameroon K000180959

    First published in Euphorb. Gen.: 12 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Breteler, F.J. (2011). Thecacoris, including Cyathogyne (Phyllanthaceae), in West Africa: Generic delimination, description of a new species, and a synopsis of all West African species Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 343-350.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 15: 8 (1922).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 658
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J. Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 64: 26 (1995).
    • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 245 (1866).
    • Euph. Gen. Tent.: 12, t.1, f.1 (1824).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (15): 8 (1922)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 658 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 286 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 245 (1866)
    • Euphorb. Gen. Tent.: 12, t. 1, fig. 1 (1824)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0