1. Family: Aizoaceae Martinov
    1. Aizoon L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to Pakistan, Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Many-stemmed annual or perennial herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, exstipulate, hairy.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, sessile in leaf-axils or in forks of the branches.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, united at the base, with a short tube.
    Stamens
    Stamens ?, inserted on the tube in fascicles alternate with perianth segments.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, of 5 carpels, 5-locular; ovules ?, pendulous and axillary; styles and stigmas as many as carpels.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 5-valved loculicidal capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds ?, reniform, concentrically ridged.
    [FTEA]

    Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

    Habit
    Often succulent herbs or sometimes subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves various, glabrous, papillose or hairy, alternate or opposite, exstipulate
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary or in groups, sessile or pedunculate, often borne in the forkings of the stem
    Calyx
    Calyx gamosepalous; tube short; lobes 4–5
    Stamens
    Stamens many, inserted on the calyx-tube, often in 2 or more rows or in fascicles alternate with the calyx-lobes
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, of 4–10 carpels, 4–10-locular; ovules 2-many per loculus, pendulous, axillary; styles as many as carpels, free
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule, with as many or twice as many valves as carpels.
    [FZ]

    Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Erect or sprawling woody undershrubs, the young parts covered with white or silvery appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves small, simple, exstipulate, with axillary fascicles of smaller leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, almost free.
    Stamens
    Stamens isomerous, inserted at the base of the perianth.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, free from the perianth, 3-chambered, each chamber with 1 ovule; style wanting; stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Fruit loculicidal.
    Seeds
    Seeds flattened-reniform.
    [FZ]

    Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Shrublets with alternate simple exstipulate leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, solitary or in cymes, with bracts and bracteoles.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, the lobes coloured inside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, in pairs alternating with the tepals; anthers versatile.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, of (3–4) 5 carpels, (3–4) 5-locular, each locule containing 1 pendulous ovule; styles free, as many as carpels, their inner surfaces stigmatic.
    Fruits
    Fruit a leathery capsule splitting at the top.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary, compressed, roundish, brown, glossy and striate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Free State, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    California, Chile Central, Florida, New Jersey, Spain

    Aizoon L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 216 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 488 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Adamson in J. S. Afr. Bot. 25: 29 (1959)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 216 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0