1. Family: Celastraceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Maytenus Molina
      1. Maytenus acuminata (L.f.) Loes.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Kenya and S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew & R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

    Habit
    Shrub or tree (0.3–)1–20 m. high, erect or ± spreading, unarmed, glabrous, with latex threads in branches, leaves, flowers and fruits, very variable; branches ± markedly 4-lined when young, eventually terete and longitudinally striate.
    Leaves
    Leaves not fasciculate, petiolate; lamina dark green and ± glossy above, paler beneath, ovate to narrowly lanceolate or rarely elliptic or elliptic-oblong, (1–)1.7–12.1(–13.5) × (0.5–)0.8–4.7 cm., acuminate and frequently mucronate to acute or rarely obtuse at the apex, with margin acutely glandular-denticulate to crenulate-denticulate or more rarely entire, cuneate or attenuate to rounded at the base, coriaceous to chartaceous, with lateral nerves and reticulate venation prominent beneath but not or scarcely so above; petiole (1–)2–7(–10) mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 0.3–3 cm. long, monochasial after 1st to 3rd branching or pseudumbellate to fasciculate, axillary, sessile (fasciculate) or with peduncle up to 21 mm. long; pedicels up to 13 mm. long or more rarely absent, articulated at the base or in the lower 2/5; flowers ± 2–20 in each cyme or solitary, 3–5(–6) mm. in diameter, bisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, unequal, subcircular, rounded, 0.7–1.2 mm. long, with margin entire.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, green or white or white tinged red to deep red, broadly obovate to subcircular, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, sessile or shortly clawed, with margin entire.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, much shorter than the petals, with filaments 0.1–0.2 mm. long, flattened, united with the outer margin of the disc.
    Disc
    Disc 5-angled, concave, with very short free margin.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular, pyramidal, ± half-immersed in the disc; style absent; stigma slightly 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Capsule green or reddish-green to yellow or orange or red, 4–11 mm. long, 3-lobed (or globose to 2-lobed due to abortion), with lobes rounded, smooth, not fleshy.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–3, orange-brown to dark brown, completely enclosed by a thin orange aril.
    Habitat
    Understorey and margin of upland or riverine forest; 1050–3300 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U2 U4 southward to South Africa (Cape)
    [FZ]

    Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrub or tree (0·3)1–15 m. high, unarmed, glabrous, with latex threads in branches, leaves, flowers and fruits; branches ± markedly 4-lined when young, eventually terete and longitudinally striate.
    Leaves
    Leaves not fasciculate, petiolate;lamina dark green and ± glossy above, paler below, (1)1·7–12·1(13·5) × (0·5)0·8–4·7 cm., ovate to narrowly lanceolate or rarely elliptic or elliptic-oblong, acuminate and frequently mucronate to acute or rarely obtuse at the apex, with margin acutely glandular-denticulate to crenulate-denticulate or more rarely entire, cuneate or angustate to rounded at the base, chartaceous to coriaceous, with lateral nerves and reticulate venation prominent below but not or scarcely so above; petiole (1)2–7(10) mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes monochasial after 1st to 3rd branching or pseudumbellate to fasciculate, with peduncle up to 21 mm. long or more rarely absent, in axil of foliage leaves; pedicels up to 13 mm. long or more rarely absent, articulated at the base or in the lower 2/5; flowers c. 2–20 in each cyme or solitary, 3–5(6) mm. in diam.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, unequal, 0·7–1·2 mm. long, suborbicular, rounded.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, green to white or white-tinged-red or deep red, 1·5–2·5 mm. long, broadly obovate to suborbicular, sessile or shortly unguiculate, entire.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, with filaments 0·1–0·2 mm. long, flattened, united with outer margin of disk.
    Disc
    Disk 5-angled, concave, with very short free margin.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular, pyramidal, c. 1/2-immersed in disk; style absent; stigma slightly 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Capsule yellow to orange or red, 4–11 mm. long, 3-lobed with lobes rounded, smooth, ascending, or 2-lobed to obovoid or globose due to abortion of 1–2 loculi.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–3, orange-brown to dark brown, completely enclosed by an orange aril.
    [FWTA]

    Celastraceae, R. A. Blakelock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A glabrous unarmed shrub or small tree
    Seeds
    Seeds orange-brown with white aril.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, Gabon, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Maytenus acuminata (L.f.) Loes. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 2010 Matimele, H.A. [97], Mozambique K000546051
    Jan 1, 1964 Milne-Redhead, E. [3129], Zambia K000035860 isotype
    Jan 1, 1964 Ecklon [s.n.], South Africa K000035917
    Jan 1, 1956 Fries, R.E. [1907], Kenya K000035854
    Jan 1, 1955 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8006], Uganda K000035853
    Kenya 714.000
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000035900 Unknown type material
    Wood, J.M. [734], South Africa K000035899
    Wood, J.M. [734], South Africa K000035898
    Harris, T. [674], Mozambique K000614253
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614749
    Timberlake, J. [5403], Mozambique K000614395
    Chapama, H. [1], Mozambique K000613680
    Mphamba [87], Mozambique K000614299
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3129a], Zambia Maytenus rhodesica 24795.000

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 20b: 138 (1942)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Robson, N.K.B. & al. (1994). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Celastraceae: 1-78.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20B: 138 (1942).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Robson, N.K.B. & al. (1994). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Celastraceae: 1-78.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 326, fig. 104.1 (1983).
    • N. Halle in Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 201 (1982).
    • N. Halle in Fl. Cameroun 19: 17, t. 5 (1975)
    • J.-F. Villiers in Fl. Gabon 22: 8, t. 2 (1973).
    • N. Robson & Sousa, Fl. Moçamb. 48: 19 (1969).
    • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2:369 (1966).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 135 (1961).
    • Marais in Bothalia 7: 383 (1960).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 115, t. 12 (1960).
    • Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20b: 138 (1942).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0