1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Scadoxus Raf.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Rhizomatous or bulb with a distinct rhizomatous part
    Leaves
    Petioles often sheathing and forming a false stem; leaf-blade lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, thin apart from midrib
    Inflorescences
    Scape solid, lateral or apparently central among the leaves; involucral bracts 4–many, soon drooping and withering or erect and conspicuous at anthesis
    Flowers
    Flowers many, regular, red to pink, with tube and free segments, usually erect and hypocrateriform, more rarely pendulous and infundibuliform; segments with±distinctglandular hairs at apex
    Filaments
    Filaments from the base of the perianth-segments, filiform or flattened
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, with 1–2 ovules per locule; style with undivided to minutely tricuspidate stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose berry, orange to red
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–3, globose, with pale testa.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Ovary
    Ovary globose, with 1–2 ovules per locule; style with undivided to minutely tricuspidate stigma.
    Habit
    Herbaceous plants; bulb with a well-developed rhizomatous part.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, thin apart from distinct midrib; appearing during or after flowering.
    Petiole
    Petioles sheathing and forming a distinct pseudostem.
    Scape
    Scape solid, lateral or central among the leaves; involucral bracts 4 to several, differing in size, either drooping, soon withering, or erect and conspicuous at anthesis.
    Flowers
    Flowers many, regular, red to pink, with cylindrical tube and free segments.
    Filaments
    Filaments from base of perianth segments, filiform (rarely flattened).
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose berry, orange to red; seeds 1–3, globose, with pale testa.
    Ecology
    A genus of 9 woodland and forest species in Subsaharan Africa, reaching Yemen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Oman

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Trinidad-Tobago

    Scadoxus Raf. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Friis & Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 23: 63–77 (1976).
    • Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis & Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 23: 64 (1976)
    • Fl. Tell. part 4: 19 (1838)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0