1. Family: Celastraceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Pterocelastrus Meisn.
      1. Pterocelastrus echinatus N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrub or tree (0·3)1–10·5 m. high (to 18 m. in S. Africa); branches angular and greyish when young, becoming vinous red and eventually terete with whitish lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves with lamina dark green to mid-green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath, (2)3·4–8·5 × (0·7)1·2–3·2(4·6) cm., ovate to lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, subacute or obtusely acuminate to obtuse or more rarely rounded at the apex, with margin entire, cuneate to angustate at the base, coriaceous, with c. 5–8 lateral nerves slightly prominent beneath but scarcely so above, without visible reticulate venation; petiole (2)4–8 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes in axil of foliage leaves or bracts; peduncle 3–7 mm. long; flowers (3)7–19 in each dichasium, 3–4 mm. in diam., in corymbose or subglobose clusters.
    Calyx
    Sepals 0·5–1 mm. long (inner longer than outer), semicircular to elliptic-oblong.
    Corolla
    Petals pale green to yellow or white, 1·5–2 mm. long, elliptic-oblong, narrower at base or with a short claw, with margin entire.
    Disc
    Disk thin.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3-locular, subglobose, slightly immersed in disk.
    Fruits
    Capsule red, 6–8 mm. long, with 1–3 conic or ridge-like protuberances from each valve.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Pterocelastrus echinatus N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galpin, E.E. [448], South Africa K000035960 Unknown type material
    Wood, J.M. [7538], South Africa K000035959 Unknown type material
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000035958 Unknown type material
    Rehmann, A. [6055], South Africa K000035961
    Harris, T. [545], Malawi K000614627
    Patel, H. [7401], Mozambique K000613663
    Timberlake, J. [6009], Malawi K000614754

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 16 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0