1. Family: Dichapetalaceae Baill.
    1. Genus: Dichapetalum Thouars
      1. Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Dichapetalaceae, F.J. Breteler (Agricultural University, Wageningen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1988

    Habit
    Medium-sized liana, lianescent shrub, shrub or small tree up to ± 10 m. tall and 30 cm. trunk diameter.
    Branches
    Branches and branchlets hollow or not, lenticellate or not, the branches glabrous or glabrescent, the branchlets from glabrous to tomentellous to tomentose, the indumentum silvery to ferruginous, usually glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules early caducous or not, simple, usually entire, sometimes denticulate, triangular, usually narrowly so, (1–)2–5(–7) mm. long, hairy as branchlet or more densely so.
    Leaves
    Petiole 2–11(–15) mm. long, usually hairy as branchlet; blade obovate-elliptic, broadly to narrowly so to lanceolate, sometimes ovate or almost circular, (3–)5–17(–32) × 2–10(–15) cm., cuneate to cordate at base, usually gradually short-acuminate, sometimes abruptly so or rounded to obtuse or even emarginate at apex, the acumen obtuse to mucronate, up to 2 cm. long; nearly glabrous to densely tomentellous to pubescent or tomentose both surfaces when young, usually soon glabrescent, but often hairs longer persistent on the usually impressed midrib above, sometimes with hairy domatia in the axils of the 5–10 pairs of main lateral nerves beneath; glands usually small.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences very variable from sessile to distinctly pedunculate, few-many-flowered, tomentellous, tomentose or pubescent; peduncle 0–1.5(–2.5) cm. long; bracts and bracteoles minute, ovate-triangular, up to ± 0.5 mm. long; pedicel 0–4(–6) mm. long, the upper part 0–0.5(–1) mm. long, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals erect or nearly so, ovate-triangular to oblong-elliptic, (1–)1.5–2.5(–3) × 0.5–1(–1.5) mm., tomentose outside, more sparsely so and mainly on upper part inside.
    Corolla
    Petals suberect, oblanceolate in outline, (1.7–)2.5–4(–5.5) mm. long, split (0.2–)1–2(–3) mm., glabrous or with a few hairs below split outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens erect, (1.5–)2.5–6(–7) mm. long, glabrous, rarely with a few hairs on filaments.
    Pistil
    Pistil 2–3(–4)-merous, (1–)2.5–6(–9) mm. long; ovary and lower part of style villous to sericeous-velutinous, upper part of style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose to ellipsoid, apiculate or not, 1–2(–3)-seeded, puberulous-tomentellous to almost glabrous, sometimes prominently veined; 1-seeded fruits 1–6 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seed subellipsoid, ± 10–30 mm. long, 5–10 mm. in diameter.
    [FZ]

    Dichapetalaceae, A. R. Torre. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub; young branchlets puberulous or glabrescent; lenticels sparse or numerous on the young and old branches.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–11 × 2–4 cm. oblong or subelliptic, acute or shortly caudate at the apex, cuneate at the base; lateral nerves 5–6 pairs, conspicuous above, prominent below; petioles 2–10 mm. long; stipules c. 2 mm. long, linear, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes c. 7-flowered, axillary, subglobose, sessile; pedicels 1–1·5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 2 mm. long, pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 4 × 1·4 mm. glabrous, narrowed below, 2-fid.
    Pistil
    Ovary woolly-tomentose; style c. 4 mm. long, glabrous, shortly 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit (unripe) villous.
    [FWTA]

    Chailletiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A small tree.
    [FWTA]

    Chailletiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, fragrant
    Fruits
    Fruits bright orange, tomentose.
    [FWTA]

    Chailletiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub about 15 ft. high
    Branches
    Puberulous branchlets
    Leaves
    Fairly large leaves.
    [FWTA]

    Chailletiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Small tree, or shrub, often scandent
    Indumentum
    Grey or ochrey-pubescerulous branchlets
    Flowers
    Flowers white.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 Irving [92], Nigeria K000432197
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000432199 holotype
    Thomson, W.C. [79], Ivory Coast K000432198 holotype
    Irving [114], Nigeria K000432196 lectotype
    Rowland [s.n.], Nigeria K000432195 holotype
    McWhirter, J. [221], Madagascar Dichapetalum humbertii 32191.000
    Troupin, G. [3372], Congo Dichapetalum beniense 24845.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5164], Ghana Dichapetalum flexuosum 16051.000
    Burtt, B.L. [B15], Nigeria Dichapetalum flexuosum 8945.000
    Meikle, R.D. [1242], Nigeria Dichapetalum flexuosum 16052.000

    First published in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 13: 178 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Breteler in Med. Landbouwh. 81-10: 13, fig. 2–4 (1981).
    • Poiret in Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot, Suppl. 2: 470 (1812).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0