1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Atriplex L.
      1. Atriplex halimus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to NE. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Shrub or woody herb, much branched, 0.5–3 m. high, densely mealy all over so that the whole plant is whitish to pale grey-green.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to oblong or elliptic, mostly 1–4 cm. long, 0.4–2.5 (–3) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, broadly or narrowly cuneate at base, entire or sometimes with a projecting lateral lobe on each side in lower part.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal panicle with spiciform mostly leafless ultimate branchlets.
    Fruits
    Fruiting bracteoles sessile, their basal connate part absent or very short indeed (to 1.5 mm.); free apical part of each bracteole reniform to broadly deltoid-ovate, as broad as or more commonly broader than long, 2.5–6 mm. long, 3–8 mm. wide, acute to rounded at apex, cordate or sometimes truncate or very broadly cuneate at base.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 (of species as a whole). Mediterranean Region from France and Spain to Syria and TransjordanNorth AfricaTanganyikaapparently in Madagascar
    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Shrub or woody herb, procumbent or sprawling (probably always so in the Flora Zambesiaca area) to suberect, 0.5–3 m. high, densely mealy all over so that the whole plant is whitish to pale grey-green.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to oblong or elliptic in outline, 1–4 cm. long, 0.4–2.5 (3) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, cuneate to attenuate at base, entire or sometimes with 1 (2) obscure shallow lobes or teeth.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal panicle with the ultimate branches spiciform and mostly leafless; lower flower clusters in leaf axils.
    Fruits
    Fruiting bracteoles sessile, their basal connate part absent or very short, up to 1.5 mm.; free apical part of each bracteole reniform to broadly deltoid-ovate, as broad as or more commonly broader than long, 2.5–7 mm. long, 3–9 mm. wide, acute to rounded at apex, cordate or sometimes truncate or very broadly cuneate at base, smooth to conspiciously muricate or tuberculate in centre; margins on either side with 1–4 obscure to pronounced teeth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Belgium, Great Britain, Iran

    Atriplex halimus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bove [2], Canary Is. K000243888
    Kuntze [s.n.], Canary Is. K000243889
    Chevalier, L. [613], Algeria K000243881
    Chevalier, L. [614], Algeria K000243882
    Chevalier, L. [482], Algeria K000243883
    Chevalier, L. [481], Algeria K000243884
    Chevalier, L. [615], Algeria K000243885
    Sheahan, M-C. [MCS265], United Kingdom K000696385

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-189.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Aellen in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 70: 11 (1939).
    • Aschers. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5 (1): 150 (1913).
    • L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1, 1052 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0