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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal.

[FTEA]

Basellaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous subsucculent twiner, often almost leafless; stems rather thick, furrowed, rough, pale brown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, 1.8–3.5 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. wide, acute, truncate to cuneate at the base; petiole 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, greenish or white, in spikes, with the spikes arranged in much branched rather dense panicles up to 8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 5-lobed almost to the base, opening completely; lobes oval or suborbicular, 2–2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, rounded at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits globose, 3.5–4 mm. in diameter, pale brown (red in vivo ?), shining, with 6 prominent longitudinal ribs; receptacles swollen and fleshy.
Figures
Fig. 1/11, p. 3.
Habitat
Dry evergreen bushland and dry evergreen forest, often at the edges, on sandy loam or rocky ground; 60–1350 m.
Distribution
K7 T3

[KBu]

Eriksson, R. (2007). A Synopsis of Basellaceae. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443356

Distribution
In southern Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, and northeastern South Africa at rather low altitudes.
Ecology
Occurs in dry scrubs and forests
Morphology General Habit
Twining vine
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 2 - 4.5 x 1 - 3.5 cm, ovate to broadly elliptic, at base cuneate to rounded, at apex acute to acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers not sunken into rachis at anthesis, chasmogamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers pale
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2 - 2.5 x 2 - 2.5 mm, shorter than petals, ± patent at anthesis, broadly ovate to rounded, ± free, at anthesis greenish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2.5 - 3.5 x 1.5 - 2 mm, ± patent at anthesis, elliptic to somewhat obovate, only connate at base, at anthesis greenish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3-lobed; styles 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3.5 - 5 mm in diam., tightly enclosed by membranous, eventually disappearing perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1 - 8 cm long, branched, sometimes much so, with rather stout axis becoming much thickened in fruit; infructescence axes forming fleshy, reddish receptacles surrounding the fruit base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles well developed, ovate to triangular
Morphology Stem
Stem glabrous
Note
Basella paniculata is easily recognised by its branched inflorescences with sessile flowers that have almost free petals. The inflorescence axes become much thickened in fruit, forming fleshy, reddish receptacles that stupport the exposed, shiny fruits. This species is dexiating in the family, and further studies may show that it should be placed in a new, monotypic genus. It obviously shares some supposedly derived features with the other Basella species, but also with Anredera (e.g. recurved filaments in bud), Tournonia (e.g. greenish perianth), and Ullucus (e.g. poly aperturate pollen).
Type
A neotype is here designated for Basella paniculata, since the only original material (Tanzania, Pare, Kihurio, 9 Oct. 1902, Engler 1515) was destroyed at B during World War II. Kenya, Kwale Distr., Kilibasi Hill, 500 m, 17 Nov. 1989, Luke & Robertson 2019 (neotype K!, designated here).

[FZ]

Basellaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber.
Morphology Stem
Stems branched, often sparsely leaved.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: lamina 2–4.5 × 1.5–3.5 cm., elliptic to circular, acute to shortly acuminate, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire; petioles: 5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, fleshy panicles of spikes, 1.5–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–3 mm. long, greenish white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 2, c. 2 × 2 mm., united at base, broadly ovate to circular, appressed to perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth deeply divided, often almost to base; lobes 1.25–2.5 × 0.75–1.5 mm., ovate to subcircular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1.5–2.5 mm. long, inserted level with base of lobes on slightly thickened ring.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, style with 3 linear stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, 3–5 mm. diam., with longitudinal ridges; receptacles fleshy, enlarged.

Native to:

Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania

Basella paniculata Volkens appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [7244], Tanzania 28464.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 81 (1906)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Volkens, G. (1905). Über eine neue afrikanische Basellaceae, Basella paniculata Vlks. Bot Jahrb. 38: 80 - 82.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Eriksson, R. (2007). A synopsis of Basellaceae Kew Bulletin 62: 297-320.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. & C.B. Cl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6 (1): 94 (1909).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 272 (1938).
  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 17: 496 (1964).
  • Volkens in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 38: 81 (1905).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0