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This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to Korea.
Chenopodium giganteum

[FZ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb closely related to C. album, c. 1–3 m. high, erect, much branched, with young shoots suffused with a conspicuous vivid amaranth-purple, and densely clothed with mealy vesicular hairs; stems red-striped.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (of inferior and middle parts of stem and branches) broadly rhombic-ovate, large, (5) 10–18 × (4.5) 10–16 cm., broadly cuneate-attenuate at base, rounded at apex; margins with about 15–30 shallow irregular teeth or lobes on each side, lowermost teeth or lobes not especially prominent; upper leaves and bracts becoming smaller narrower and subacute to acute at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an ample panicle of very numerous small spicately arranged flower-clusters (“glomerules”) 2–3 mm. in diam.; flowers green or reddish, 0.75–1.5 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 5, papillose with grey-mealy hairs outside, each with a prominent green keel in upper part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Pericarp somewhat persistent, but easily rubbed or scraped off. Seeds black, shining, about 1–1.2 mm. in diam., bluntly keeled; testa (seen under microscope) marked with numerous irregular spaced radial furrows and with minor irregularities on surface between furrows, but giving a generally smoothish appearance.

Native to:

China North-Central, East Himalaya, Manchuria, Nepal, Primorye, Tibet, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Austria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Cuba, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kriti, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Sicilia, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tunisia, Zimbabwe

Chenopodium giganteum D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 16, 1933 Scheimer [629] K000898428
Cope, T.A. [ RBG 581], Great Britain K000914608
Price, W.R. [1071], China K000898427
Wight, R. [6952], India K000898430
Cope, T.A. [RBG 11], Great Britain K000914050
Wallich, N. [6952], India K000898431

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 75 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
  • Berry, M. (2019). Adventures and aliens news 17 BSBI News 141: 41-47.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Gilli, C. & al. (2020). Floristische Neufunde (376-429) Neilreichia 11: 165-227.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. (1997). Flora Iranica 172: 1-371. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Belgrano, M.J. (eds.) (2020). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 19(1): 1-378. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Not accepted by

  • Sukhorukov, A.P. & Kushunina, M. (2014). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Nepal Phytotaxa 191: 10-44. [Cited as Chenopodium bengalense.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berry, M. (2019). Adventures and aliens news 17 BSBI News 141: 41-47.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 10: 1-590. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gilli, C. & al. (2020). Floristische Neufunde (376-429) Neilreichia 11: 165-227.
  • Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. (1997). Flora Iranica 172: 1-371. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sukhorukov, A.P. & Kushunina, M. (2014). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Nepal Phytotaxa 191: 10-44.
  • Sukhorukov, A.P., Liu, P.L. & Kushunina, M. (2019). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Himalaya and Tibet PhytoKeys 116: 1-141.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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