1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chenopodium L.
      1. Chenopodium hederiforme (Murr) Aellen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb 0.4–2.5 m. high, erect, much branched, grey to glaucous green, uncertain whether red-tinged, more or less densely clothed with mealy vesicular hairs especially on young parts and inflorescences.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable; the median and inferior mostly triangular-ovate to triangular-subreniform, mostly as broad as or broader than long, 1.5–4.5 × 1.5–4.5 cm., broadly cuneate to concave-subtruncate at base; leaf margin with 4–11 coarse teeth or lobes on each side; apex of leaves rounded to acute; upper leaves becoming narrower, more narrowly cuneate at base, with fewer (to almost no) marginal lobes or teeth, often markedly trilobed with a prominent ascending or divergent lobe on either side near base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an ample profusely branched panicle of very numerous small laxly arranged dense rounded clusters (“glomerules”) of minute grey flowers 1–1.5 mm. in diam.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, papillose with grey mealy hairs on margins and outside, each with a narrow prominent green keel in upper part.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5.
    Seeds
    Pericarp readily rubbed or scraped off seed. Seeds black or brownish-black, shining, broadly ellipsoid (slightly larger than wide), 1–1.2 7× 0.8–0.9 mm., bluntly keeled; testa (seen under microscope) much smoother than in C. opulifolium, with a few faint radial furrows and some slight irregular roughenings elsewhere.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Chenopodium hederiforme (Murr) Aellen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 339 (1928)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0