1. Family: Oxalidaceae R.Br.
    1. Biophytum DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Oxalidaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Caulescent or acaulescent annual herbs or perennial herbs with woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually in rosettes at the apex of the stem or at ground-level on the rootstock, paripinnate (the abortive terminal leaflet represented by a bristle), ± sensitive, usually articulated just above the insertion; leaflets opposite or subopposite, very shortly petiolulate or subsessile.
    Flowers
    Flowers orange, yellow, white or pinkish, in pseudumbels with bracts forming an involucre.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, free, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, contorted, free at first but eventually coherent and falling off together in a mass.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, 5 longer and 5 shorter, all slightly connate at the base.
    Ovary
    Ovary 5-locular, 5-lobed.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, subglobose, or ellipsoid, loculicidally dehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds usually tuberculate.
    [FTEA]

    Oxalidaceae, Christine H. S. Kabuye  (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, with a simple or branched stem, or stem very short and then plants with a thick woody rootstock
    Leaves
    Leaves fascicled or almost whorled at the top of the stem or branches, paripinnate (the rhachis ending in a bristle), exhibiting a certain degree of sensitivity to touch; petiole swollen and articulated near the base; leaflets many, opposite or subopposite, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, obliquely rectangular or orbicular, unequal-sided
    Flowers
    Flowers in pseudumbels, white, pink, yellow or orange; bracts small, persistent, forming an involucre at the base of the pedicels
    Calyx
    Sepals strongly parallel-veined, the inner ones in relation to the pseudumbel narrower than the outer
    Corolla
    Petals contorted in bud, becoming shortly adherent above the free base, falling off together in a bunch
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, 5 outer short and 5 inner long; filaments shortly connate or almost free at the base
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-lobed; styles notched or 2-fid at apex
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid or oblong, dehiscing loculicidally, the valves finally spreading
    Seeds
    Seeds tuberculate, rugose or ribbed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Biophytum DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Prodr. 1: 689 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —R. Knuth in Engl. Pflanzenr. Oxalidac. 391–417 (1930)
    • F.T.A. 1: 297, under Oxalis Linn.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Prodr. 1: 689 (1824).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Prodr. 1: 689 (1824)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0