1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Neonicholsonia Dammer
      1. Neonicholsonia watsonii Dammer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central America.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Costa Rica: coladegallo.
    Distribution
    Atlantic and Pacific slopes in Honduras (Gracias a Dios), Nicaragua (Zelaya), Costa Rica (Alajuela, Guanacaste, Puntarenas), and Panama (Chiriquí); understory of lowland rain forests, usually at low elevations but occasionally to 600 m or more, on slopes and ridges of low hills.
    General Description
    Stems solitary, very shortly aerial, 10-15(-100) cm long, with prominent roots visible at base. Leaves 4-9, spreading; sheath closed, not forming a crownshaft, 20-30 cm long including a ligule 1-2 cm long; petiole 0.24-1 m long; rachis 1-1.2 m long; pinnae 11-15 per side, regularly spaced, alternate, linear-lanceolate, aristate, horizontally spreading in the same plane, with prominent mid vein, lacking scales and punctations abaxially; basal pinna 22-37 x 0.5-2.5 cm; middle pinnae 32-49 x 2.5-5.5 cm; apical pinna 17-27 x 1-1.5 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar, erect in bud and at anthesis; peduncle 67-98 cm long, 0.5 cm diam., terete, with a few, brown, appressed scales; prophyll 18-45 cm long, 1.5-2 cm diam., flattened; peduncular bract 0.7-1 m long including a 2- 3 cm long umbo, 1-1.5 cm diam., ± terete; rachis absent; rachilla 27-51 cm long, 3 mm diam. at anthesis, 4 mm diam. in fruit , with dense to loose clusters of intertwined, whitish, flexuous, hairs to 0.3 mm long; triads slightly sunken in rachilla, very closely spaced; flowers in triads for ca. ? the length of rachilla, paired or solitary staminate distally; triad bracteole raised, rounded; first flower bracteole apiculate, second and third flower bracteoles prominent, apiculate, 0.7 mm high; staminate flowers 4-5 mm long; sepals connate into a prominently 3-lobed cupule, 2-3 mm long; petals lanceolate, 4-5 mm long; filaments slightly connate proximally, free distally, 3 longer (3.5 mm long) and 3 shorter (2.5 mm long); anthers 3 mm long; pistillode trifid , 1-2 mm long; pistillale flowers 4.5 mm long; sepals deltate, 3 mm long; petals deltate, 4 mm long; fruits ellipsoid-oblong, 0.9-1 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm diam., the stigmatic remains apical; epicarp black; seeds ± globose, ca. 5 mm diam.; endosperm deeply ruminate; eophyll pinnale with short rachis.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá

    Neonicholsonia watsonii Dammer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 16, 2002 Baker, W.J. [1152] K000521949
    Jun 19, 2002 71159.000
    Oct 1, 1956 s.coll. [s.n.], Central America K000697852 holotype
    Oct 1, 1956 s.coll. [s.n.], Central America K000697853 holotype
    Uhl, N.W. [305], Costa Rica 48700.000

    First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 30: 179 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0