1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus coromandelianus (Retz.) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula to S. Central China, Jawa, New Guinea.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 7-20 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 2-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; whorled at most nodes. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 0.9-1.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 0.9-1.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume ovate; 0.1-0.5 mm long; 0.1-0.3 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 0.9-1.7 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; grey; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 0.9-1.7 mm long; membranous; grey; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3, or 2 (rarely); 0.2-0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; 0.7-0.8 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. TAC 2000.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Caespitose annual; culms up to 25 cm tall, erect or ascending, branched or unbranched; leaf sheaths chartaceous, usually glabrous, sometimes with tubercle-based hairs near the margins above, lightly compressed; leaf laminas 2–10 cm × 2–4 mm, flat, glabrous or scattered tuberculate-pilose on the surface, scabrid on the margins or with a few long stiff tubercle-based hairs below, acute or subacute at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 2–8 cm long, ovate; branches in a succession of whorls, smooth, with numerous elongated viscid glandular patches, the spikelets 2–3 on secondary branchlets, these ± confined to the distal part of the primary branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (1)1.2–1.4(1.6) mm long, greyish-green; inferior glume 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, oblong, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, oblong-elliptic, 1-nerved, glabrous to scaberulous or minutely asperulous, acute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, oblong-elliptic; anthers 3, (0.2)0.3–0.55 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovate, 0.7–0.8 mm long, terete or lightly laterally compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted annual; culms 7–20 cm. high, erect or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear, 2–10 cm. long, 2–4 mm. wide, the margins scabrid or with a few long stiff hairs near the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 2–8 cm. long; primary branches in whorls, spreading horizontally soon after emergence from the uppermost leaf-sheath.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1–1.4 mm. long, glabrous or scaberulous, greyish green; lower glume a little oblong scale, 0.1–0.5 mm. long; upper glume oblong-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar, but a little shorter; anthers 3, 0.2–0.3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovate, 0.7–0.8 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Bare open places; 0–1000 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K7 Old World tropics, but mainly India and South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Djibouti, Eritrea, Free State, India, Jawa, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Oman, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, West Himalaya, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

    Sporobolus coromandelianus (Retz.) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 24, 2009 Kerr, A.F.G. [10928], Thailand K000648133
    Mar 24, 2009 Kerr, A.F.G. [10928], Thailand K000621550
    Jul 1, 1987 Slooten, D.F.van [2394], Jawa K000290402 isotype
    Jul 1, 1987 Slooten, D.F.van [2394], Jawa K000290401 isotype
    Oct 28, 1933 Wight, R. [1743], India K000907370
    Oct 28, 1933 Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000907371
    Oct 28, 1933 Wight, R. [3308], India K000907372
    Oct 18, 1933 Wight, R. [1742], India K000245155
    Oct 18, 1933 Wight, R. [1743], India K000907368
    Oct 18, 1933 Wight, R. [1743], India K000907365
    Oct 18, 1933 Wight, R. [1743], India K000907367
    Oct 28, 1932 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000245154
    Nov 1, 1929 Koenig, J. G. [s.n.], India K000907369 Unknown type material
    Stocks [4], Pakistan K000245156
    Wight, R. [1742], India K000907363
    Wight, R. [1743], India K000907364
    Acocks, J.P.H. [12656], South Africa K000365170 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3764], Myanmar K001119964
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000907395
    Stock, J.E. [s.n.], Pakistan K000907366
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3764] K001119961
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3764], India K001119962
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3764] K001119963

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 1: 68 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
    • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kunth, Rév. Gram. 1: 68 (1829).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0