1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Combretum Loefl.
      1. Combretum constrictum (Benth.) M.A.Lawson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria, S. Somalia to N. Mozambique.

    [FWTA]

    Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Usually a low shrub, erect or scrambling
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, or often opposite, or sometimes in whorls of 3
    Flowers
    Flowers crowded, scarlet, often at the ends of short branches near the ground
    Ecology
    Often in damp situations.
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or climber; branchlets glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves subopposite; lamina up to 6(12) x 3(6·5) cm., chartaceous to subcoriaceous, oblong to oblong-elliptic, glabrous or nearly so (or sometimes tomentose), apex rounded or acuminate, base rounded; lateral nerves 6–9 pairs; petiole 4–6 mm. long forming a slightly hooked spine at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers red or pinkish, 5-merous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of subcapitate terminal or axillary spikes up to 6 cm. long; rhachis glabrous or tomentose; bracts 6 x 2 mm., narrowly elliptic.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle 5–6 mm. long, glabrous or tomsntose; upper receptacle 10–18 mm. long and up to 7 mm. in diam. at the apex, constricted in the middle for 4–7 mm. to a diam. of 1·5 mm., broadly infundi-buliform at the apex, glabrous or tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4x3 mm., triangular.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–8 x 2·5 mm., narrowly elliptic, unguiculate, pilose.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 17(25) mm. long, inserted in the apical part of the upper receptacle; anthers 0–8 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 2 mm. in diam., margin glabrous not free.
    Style
    Style 25 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit (not seen from our area) 5-angled, sessile, c. 2·5 x 1·2–1·5 cm., ellipsoid, glabrous, apical peg absent.
    Note
    Most organs described as glabrous or tomentose are glabrous in our area in the few specimens seen.
    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Shrub or climber; branchlets glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves subopposite; lamina chartaceous to subcoriaceous, oblong to oblong-elliptic, up to 12 cm. long and 6–5 cm. wide, apex rounded or acuminate, base rounded, sometimes tomentose, more usually glabrous or nearly so; lateral nerves 6–9 pairs; petiole 4–6 mm. long, eventually forming a blunt and slightly curved spine at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of subcapitate terminal or axillary spikes up to 6 cm. long; rhachis glabrous or tomentose.
    Buds
    Flower buds unusually large, clavate.
    Flowers
    Flowers (fig. 6/43, p. 50) red or pinkish.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle glabrous or tomentose; upper receptacle tubular, broadly infundibuliform at the apex, 10–18 mm. long, 7 mm. in diameter at the apex, constricted in the middle for 4–7 mm. in length, 1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous or tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals triangular, 3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals narrowly elliptic, 7–8 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, clawed, pilose.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments up to 25 mm. long, 2-seriately inserted on the apical part of the upper receptacle; anthers 0.8 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 2 mm. in diameter; margin not free, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 7/43, p. 51) 5-angled, ellipsoid, sessile, ± 2.5 cm. long, 1.2–1.5 cm. in diameter, glabrous; apical peg absent.
    Habitat
    Tidal and seasonal swamps and riverine forest; sea-level to 1200 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7 T3 T4 T6 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion

    Combretum constrictum (Benth.) M.A.Lawson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillespie, J.B. [264], Kenya 24893.000
    Keay, R.W.G. [36650], Nigeria 25919.000
    unknown [39], Nigeria K000232628
    Vogel [207], West Tropical Africa K000232629 Unknown type material
    Vogel [42], Nigeria K000226409 Unknown type material
    Vogel [42], Nigeria K000232627 Unknown type material
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1176], Tanzania K000226555

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 423 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 2: 423 (1871), partly (spec. Vogel only).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 223 (1970).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 143 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 133 (1949).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 99, t. 26/A (1899).
    • Laws in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 423 (1871), excl. syn. Poivrea mossambicensis Klotzsch et formae.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0