1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Combretum Loefl.
      1. Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small to large spreading tree; young branchlets tomentose with rather persistent indumentum, pinkish after shedding the bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves subopposite or occasionally 3-verticillate; lamina sometimes pale-yellow when young, usually c. 5 x 2 cm., elliptic, rather inconspicuously lepidote on both surfaces otherwise nearly glabrous above except for variable hairiness on the midrib and nerves, tomentose to nearly glabrous beneath, apex usually acute and mucronate, base cuneate; lateral nerves 6–8(12) pairs; petiole 1–4 mm. long, tomentose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually of unbranched axillary spikes up to 2(3) cm. long, rarely forming short panicles by the suppression of leaves on short shoots; rhachis and peduncles usually tomentose more rarely glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream or yellow, usually ± congested.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle 1·5–2·5 x 1 mm., usually tomentose rarely pubescent; upper receptacle 2–2·5 x 3 mm., broadly campanulate, pubescent to densely pubescent, with some scales visible when the indumentum is not too dense.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 1 x 1·3–1·5 mm., debate to broadly debate.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 1·5 x 1 mm., obovate, narrowly obovate, spathulate or narrowly elliptic, sometimes emarginate, unguiculate, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 5 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 1·5 x l, cupuliform, glabrous, with a pilose margin free for c. 0·5 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1·3 x 1 cm., subcircular to broadly elliptic in outline, lepidote and pubescent, apical peg absent, wings c. 5 mm. wide, slightly decurrent at the base, stipe up to 7 mm. long.
    Scales
    Scales as for the section, almost always some with at least 12 primary walls.
    Note
    Figures by Engler and Diels (loc. cit.) show a markedly 2-seriate insertion of the stamens but in all the flowers I have dissected they appear to be very nearly 1-seriate and close to the margin of the disk. The petals are very variable in shape though fairly constant in the flowers of an individual. This kind of variation commonly occurs in species of Combretum and often appears to be without taxonomic significance though in some other cases the shape of the petal may be quite a useful character.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Combretum erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zeyher [549], South Africa K000226563 Unknown type material
    Zeyher [550] K000226679
    Wood, J.M. [1038], South Africa K000226680
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000226561 syntype
    Burchell, W.J. [1749], South Africa K000226677 Unknown type material
    Burchell, W.J. [1749], South Africa K000226678 Unknown type material
    Wilms, F. [212], South Africa K000226560 lectotype
    Kuntze, O. [s.n.], South Africa K000226681
    Burtt-Davy, J. [18449], South Africa K000226562
    Long, D.G. [801], Botswana K000489067
    Gueinzius [s.n.], South Africa K000226559 Unknown type material
    Yalala, A.M. [147], Botswana K000489069
    Hansen, O.J. [3452], Botswana K000489068
    de Beer, J.S. [81500], Botswana K000489070

    First published in Linnaea 23: 43 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0