1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Indo-China.

    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild & R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Erect, prostrate or climbing perennial herbs or shrubs; tendrils opposite the leaves or absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves digitately 3–9-foliolate or rarely simple and entire or lobed, very rarely pedate, margins variously toothed; stipules present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of leaf-opposed or axillary corymbose cymes.
    Flowers
    Flower-bud ± cylindric or lageniform, apex rounded and often ± inflated, ± constricted at or near the middle. Flowers 4-merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx entire or ± 4-toothed.
    Corolla
    Petals cucullate at the apex, becoming deflexed after anthesis, very caducous.
    Anthers
    Anthers usually with ± straight filaments not bending noticeably over the gynoecium.
    Disc
    Disk of 4 rather fleshy truncate or conical glands, ± free from each other but ± adnate to the ovary.
    Pistil
    Style simple, subulate; stigma minutely 2-fid, or subentire and minutely sub-capitate.
    Seeds
    Seed usually 1, usually with a distinct dorsal crest or crests and often ± rugose.– Corolla puberulous or pubescent and glandular21.
    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Erect, prostrate or climbing perennial herbs, lianes or sometimes with succulent trunks bearing erect or climbing stems; often glandular; rootstocks often tuberous or massively woody; tendrils opposite the leaves or absent; rhaphides often present Leaves mostly digitately 3–9-foliolate or occasionally simple, entire or lobed or in very few (but sometimes very common) species pedately 5-foliolate, petiolate or less often sessile; leaflets usually toothed; stipules present, sometimes very well developed
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, 4-merous, arranged in leaf-opposed or axillary corymbs of cymes; buds ± cylindric or flask-shaped, rounded and often inflated at the apex, ± constricted at or near the middle
    Calyx
    Calyx entire or 4-lobed
    Corolla
    Petals hooded at the apex, becoming deflexed, very deciduous
    Disc
    Disk of 4 rather fleshy conical often truncate glands, ± free from each other but adnate to the ovary which is often almost entirely included
    Pistil
    Ovary with 2 incompletely separated locules, each with 2 ovules; style cylindric or cylindric-conic; stigma minutely bifid or subentire and minutely subcapitate
    Fruits
    Fruits usually 1-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid or ellipsoid, usually pointed at one end, with dorsal and ventral crests together with radial crests, rugae, etc.(see fig. 12 for scheme used to describe these); the surface of the seed smooth or variously rugose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 25, 1991 Gellinger [4238], Tanzania K000771533
    Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6672], Kenya K000696658

    First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 53 (1931)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Descoings in Notul. Syst 16: 113–125 (1960).
    • in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceyl. 6, Suppl.: 53 (1931).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Nat. Monsp., sér. Bot., 18: 217–230 (1967)
    • Descoings in Not Syst., Paris, 16: 113–125 (1960)
    • in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6, Suppl.: 53 (1931)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0