1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Combretum Loefl.
      1. Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to NW. Uganda.

    [FWTA]

    Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Savannah tree, to 35 ft. high
    Leaves
    Recognized in the field by the thick leaves which are green and glutinous above, but white, strongly reticulate and hairy beneath
    Flowers
    Petals and filaments cream or yellow
    Fruits
    Fruit pale brown.
    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree or bush up to 3 m. high; bark grey, longitudinally fissured; young branches yellow-brown pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or 3-verticillate; lamina coriaceous, oblong-ovate, ovate or obovate, up to 35 cm. long, 9–13 cm. wide on mature trees (more information is needed to verify these observations), apex obtuse or subacute, base shortly attenuate, margin usually slightly sinuate; upper surface drying olive-brown, subglutinous, glabrescent except for the yellow-brown indumentum on the prominent midrib and lateral nerves; lower surface yellow-brown with light brown venation, venation with white to buff tomentum obscuring the sparse scales in the areoles; midrib, lateral nerves and reticulation strongly prominent beneath, laterals 8–20 pairs; petiole stout, up to 3.5 cm. long, leaving large sunken scars at the swollen nodes of the older branches.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary clusters of brown tomentose racemes 9–11 cm. long, usually 6 in number, sometimes borne along a short (2–3 cm. long) tomentose axillary shoot.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle 2–2.5 mm. long, velutinous-tomentose; upper receptacle cupular, 3–4 mm. long, 3–4 mm. in diameter, pubescence decreasing in density and becoming greyer towards the shallowly triangular sepals.
    Corolla
    Petals broadly obovate, 2–2.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments slender, 5–6 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 2 mm. in diameter, with long-pilose margin free for 0.5 mm.
    Style
    Style up to 6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 4/12, p. 15) oblong-elliptic in outline, 3 cm. long, 2.3 cm. wide, pubescent at first, then glutinous, eventually wings a silky yellow-brown with darker shortly pubescent and glutinous centre; stipe stout, 2–3 mm. long, pubescent.
    Scales
    Scales (fig. 2/12, p. 13) 50–65 μ in diameter.
    Habitat
    Probably wooded grassland; 750–1200 m.
    Distribution
    U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Hepper, N.F. [1427], Nigeria K000232574 holotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Heudelot [747], Guinea K000232552
    Jan 1, 1991 Heudelot [747], Guinea K000232551 holotype
    Jun 1, 1990 Bamps [2481], Mali K000211921
    Jan 1, 1975 Schivoner [9], Burkina Faso K000211916
    Jan 1, 1975 Schivoner [126], Burkina Faso K000211917
    Jan 1, 1975 Schivoner [3], Burkina Faso K000211918
    May 17, 1949 Dalziel, J.M. [331], Nigeria K000232573
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [4772], Sierra Leone K000226271 lectotype
    Prevett, P.F. [5], Nigeria 3801.000
    Hepper, N.F. [1427], Nigeria K000232575 holotype
    Pfund [239], Sudan K000226453 lectotype
    Le Testu, G. [3680], Central African Republic Combretum oubanguense K000226354 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1993 Schweinfurth, G. [2903] Combretum schweinfurthii K000226450 lectotype
    Schweinfurth, G. [2903] Combretum schweinfurthii K000226451 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth, G. [2886], Sudan Combretum schweinfurthii K000226452 Unknown type material

    First published in Prodr. 3: 21 (1828)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C.C.H. (2014). Notes on African Combretum Loefl. Species (Combretaceae) Adansonia, sér. 3, 36: 315-327.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 108, t. 15, 1–2, incl. var. passargei (Engl. & Diels) Aubrév.
    • Aubrév. Combret. des Sav. Bois. A.O.F. 20–24
    • Engl. & Diels Monogr. Afr. Combretac. 49 (excl. Barter 113)
    • —F.T.A. 2: 432, partly
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0