1. Family: Combretaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Combretum Loefl.
      1. Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to N. Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Small tree, shrub or woody climber; branchlets usually pale pinkish brown, pubescent at first, often soon (but not always) glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina elliptic to elliptic-oblong or rarely subcircular, up to 20 cm. long and 11 cm. wide (often much smaller, ± 10 cm. long, 5 cm. wide), apex usually acuminate, base rounded to cordate, hairy when young, usually glabrescent but sometimes retaining a dense indumentum; lateral nerves 5–9 pairs; petiole up to 7 mm. long, the base forming a blunt spinal process.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary spikes, sometimes subcapitate, up to 8 cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; rhachis tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers (fig. 6/40, p. 50) (4–)5-merous, white or pinkish, usually appearing before the leaves.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle ± 5 mm. long, tomentose with short often spreading hairs, often somewhat constricted above and below the ovary; upper receptacle with upper part broadly infundibuliform, lower part surrounding the disk subglobose, slightly constricted between the 2 parts, up to 9(–11) mm. long, 4 mm. in diameter, hairy.
    Calyx
    Sepals triangular, 2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic, 7–9 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide, clawed, pilose externally.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 16–17 mm. long; anthers 1.7–1.8 mm. long, orange-red.
    Disc
    Disk glabrous; margin not free.
    Fruits
    Fruit (fig. 7/40, p. 51) (4–)5-winged, elliptic to subcircular in outline, 2–3(–4.5) cm. long, 2–2.5(–3) cm. wide, pubescent; apical peg very short; wings up to 10 mm. wide; stipe 4–6(–10) mm. long.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest, Brachystegia woodland, deciduous and secondary bushland, wooded grassland; 700–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1/U2
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree, shrub or woody climber, usually flowering before the leaves; bark grey to grey-brown; branchlets often pale, pubescent at first usually (but not always) soon glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina up to 20 x 11 cm. but often only half that size, papyraceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or rarely subcircular, hairy when young, usually glabrescent but sometimes retaining a dense indumentum, apex usually acuminate, base rounded to cordate; lateral nerves 5–9 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole up to 5 mm. long, base forming a curved spine.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of axillary spikes, sometimes subcapitate, up to 5(7) cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; rhachis tomentose; bracts up to 4 x 2·5 mm., ovate, stalked, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually (4)5-merous, white or pinkish.
    Receptacle
    Lower receptacle c. 5–6 mm. long, tomentose, often constricted above and below the ovary; upper receptacle up to 9(11) x 4 mm., hairy, upper part broadly infundibuliform, lower part surrounding the disk subglobose, slightly constricted between the two parts.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2 x 1·8 mm., deltate or triangular.
    Corolla
    Petals white or pinkish, 7–9 x 2–3·5 mm., elliptic, pilose, unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 16–17 mm. long; anthers orange-red, 1·7–1·8 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk c. 1·5 mm. in diam., pilose margin not free.
    Style
    Style 18 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit (4)5-winged, up to 2–3 x 2–2·5 cm., elliptic to subcircular in outline, pubescent, apical peg very short, wings up to 10 mm. broad, stipe up to 10 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Knobbly combretum, Knobbly creeping bushwillow, Mozambique combretum, Shaving Brush combretum

    Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Cole, D.T. [970], Botswana K000489115
    Feb 1, 1992 Kirk, J.W.C. [57], South Africa K000226623 holotype
    Jan 1, 1966 Lugard, E.J. [10], Botswana K000489122
    Jan 1, 1966 Peters [s.n.], Mozambique K000226597 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1966 [Grens, J.] [306], Botswana K000489120
    Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4282], Angola K000226595
    Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4306], Angola K000226596
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7813], Zambia 25109.000
    Tanner [997], Tanzania 30705.000
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [2779], Kenya K000226558 Unknown type material
    Long, D.G. [160], Botswana K000489119
    Long, D.G. [487], Botswana K000489121
    Biegel, H. [4043], Botswana K000489116
    Biegel, H. [3860], Botswana K000489117
    Smith, P.A. [2703], Botswana K000489118
    Hansen, O.J. [3473], Botswana K000489125

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 292 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.
    • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Exell in Kirkia 7: 219 (1970).
    • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 26 (1968).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 134 (1949).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 98, t. 26/B (1899).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 292 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/